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Using permeabilized chromaffin cells and the fluorescent probe Quin 2 (an indicator of free Ca2+), we found that inositol trisphosphate (IP3) specifically triggered an immediate and dose-dependent release of Ca2+ from intracellular stores. Desensitization of the response was observed at nonsaturating concentrations of inositol trisphosphate and(More)
Human neutrophils can be permeabilized with the cholesterol complexing agent digitonin and then induced to secrete lysosomal constituents by increases in free Ca2+ alone. In order of increasing requirements for Ca2+, vitamin B-12 binding protein, lysozyme and beta-glucuronidase were released. A variety of guanine nucleotides were examined with respect to(More)
Degranulation and membrane fusion by neutrophils are essential to host defense. We sought homologues of neuron-specific fusion proteins in human neutrophils and in their precursors, the promyelocytic cell line HL-60. We screened a differentiated HL-60 library and obtained an 848 bp sequence with a 351 bp open reading frame, identical to that published for(More)
A cell-free assay monitoring lipid mixing was used to investigate the role of Ca2+ in neutrophil membrane-liposome fusion. Micromolar concentrations of Ca2+ were found to directly stimulate fusion of inside-out neutrophil plasma membrane enriched fractions (from neutrophils subjected to nitrogen cavitation) with liposomes(More)
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