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Isoprenoid quinones are one of the most important groups of compounds occurring in membranes of living organisms. These compounds are composed of a hydrophilic head group and an apolar isoprenoid side chain, giving the molecules a lipid-soluble character. Isoprenoid quinones function mainly as electron and proton carriers in photosynthetic and respiratory(More)
We have found that short chain plastoquinones effectively stimulated photoreduction of the low potential form of cytochrome b(559) and were also active in dark oxidation of this cytochrome under anaerobic conditions in Triton X-100-solubilized photosystem II (PSII) particles. It is also shown that molecular oxygen competes considerably with the(More)
This paper describes violaxanthin de-epoxidation in model lipid bilayers. Unilamellar egg yolk phosphatidylcholine (PtdCho) vesicles supplemented with monogalactosyldiacylglycerol were found to be a suitable system for studying this reaction. Such a system resembles more the native thylakoid membrane and offers better possibilities for studying kinetics and(More)
Although light is essential for photosynthesis, excess light can damage the photosynthetic apparatus and deregulate other cellular processes. Thus, protective integrated regulatory responses that can dissipate excess of absorbed light energy and simultaneously optimize photosynthesis and other cellular processes under variable light conditions can prove(More)
We have found that in isolated spinach thylakoids, plastoquinone-pool (PQ-pool), after its photoreduction, undergoes dark-reoxidation with the half-time of τ1/2 = 43 ± 3 s. To explain the observed rates of PQ-pool reoxidation, a nonenzymatic plastoquinol (PQH2) autoxidation under molecular oxygen and an enzymatic oxidation by the low-potential form of(More)
We have described a direct, high-performance liquid chromatography-based method of estimation of the total level of plastoquinone (PQ) in leaves, the redox state of total (photoactive and non-photoactive) PQ, as well as the redox state of the PQ-pool that is applicable to any illumination conditions. This method was applied to Arabidopsis thaliana leaves(More)
We have shown that the isolated 33 kDa protein of photosystem II contains one calcium and one lanthanide low-affinity binding site with binding constants (K(D)) on the order of 10(-5) M. Binding of calcium or lanthanides to this site induces conformational changes in the protein that manifest in fluorescence emission spectra of the protein, circular(More)
The surface pressure-area isotherms of pure plastoquinone-9 (PQ-9), plastoquinone-3 (PQ-3), alpha-tocopherol quinone (alpha-TQ), their reduced (hydroquinone) forms and mixtures of these molecules with monogalactosyldiacylglycerol (MGDG) have been studied by a monolayer technique. The collapse pressures of all hydroquinones (QH2) were higher than those of(More)
Light-induced production of superoxide (O2*-) in spinach PSII (photosystem II) membrane particles was studied using EPR spin-trapping spectroscopy. The presence of exogenous PQs (plastoquinones) with a different side-chain length (PQ-n, n isoprenoid units in the side-chain) enhanced O2*- production in the following order: PQ-1>PQ-2>>PQ-9. In PSII membrane(More)
Singlet oxygen quenching rate constants for tocopherol and tocotrienol homologues have been determined in organic solvents of different polarities, as well as for other biological prenyllipids such as plastoquinol, ubiquinol, and alpha-tocopherolquinol. The obtained results showed that the quenching activity of tocochromanols was mainly due to the chromanol(More)