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In spite of intensive research, the problem of treating antidepressant-resistant depressive patients has not yet been solved. The authors previously reported that combined administration of imipramine and the uncompetitive NMDA receptor antagonist amantadine reduced immobility time in the forced swimming test in rats to a much greater extent than either(More)
Venlafaxine (VEN) is a representative of a new class of antidepressants (SNRIs) which inhibit selectively the uptake of serotonin and noradrenaline, but--in contrast to tricyclics--show no affinity for neurotransmitter receptors. The present study was aimed at determining whether repeated VEN (given twice daily for 14 days) induced adaptive changes in the(More)
Although stem cells succumbing to reproductive death are assumed to be the single relevant targets in radiation tissue damage, recent studies showed intestinal stem cell damage is conditionally linked to crypt endothelial apoptosis, defining a two-target model. Here we report that when mouse intestines were protected against microvascular apoptosis,(More)
The present study examined the effects of acute and repeated administration of three antidepressant drugs (imipramine, citalopram and (+)-oxaprotiline) on the levels of mRNA coding for dopamine D1 and D2 receptors in the rat brain. Quantitive in situ hybridization with 35S-labelled oligonucleotide probes has been utilised. The level of mRNA coding for(More)
The study compares the effects of the competitive NMDA receptor antagonist, CGP 37849, on the locomotor activity and motor disturbances after local, unilateral microinjection into nucleus accumbens and caudateputamen or peripheral ip administration. Independently on the route of administration, the compound induced dose-dependent increase in the locomotor(More)
The effects of MK-801, a non-competitive NMDA receptor antagonist, and of antidepressant drugs were studied in the forced swimming test in rats. MK-801 reduced immobility time. Combined treatment with MK-801 + imipramine induced a stronger effect in Porsolt's test than administration of either drug alone. Citalopram was inactive when given alone but it(More)
Recent evidence suggests that microvascular endothelial apoptosis represents the primary lesion in radiation damage to the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Rescue of endothelium by depletion of acid sphingomyelinase or i.v. treatment with basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF) prevented the lethal GI syndrome in C(57)Bl/6 mice. Here we show that basic FGF(More)
The effect of repeated treatment (twice a day for 14 days) with antidepressant drugs (AD): imipramine, amitriptyline, zimelidine, citalopram and mianserin on the behavioural response to apomorphine in rats (open field test) was investigated. AD studied, given alone in a single dose or repeatedly, do not change the rats behaviour. A repeated but not(More)
The present study examined the effects of CGP 37849 and CGP 39551, competitive NMDA receptor antagonists, in the forced swimming test in rats and mice. Administered in a single dose or three times both examined compounds reduced the immobility time in rats. Active doses used in that test either did not change the locomotor activity or decreased it. A(More)
Imipramine, amitriptyline, citalopram, zimelidine and mianserin--antidepressant drugs with a different mechanism of pharmacological activity, as well as haloperidol, a neuroleptic, and diazepam, an anxiolytic, administered for 14 days, were examined in photoresistor actometers in the exploratory activity test (within the first 60 min) and in the basic(More)