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Three methodological approaches were combined to assess the population dynamics of woody species, particularly birch, growing along the shores of the Dalälven river in eastern central Sweden. 1) Seed rain, seed bank and seedling densities were estimated to document the current recruitment potential. 2) Seed burial experiments were performed and artificial(More)
The boreal forest is one of the largest terrestrial biomes and plays a key role for the global carbon balance and climate. The forest floor vegetation has a strong influence on the carbon and nitrogen cycles of the forests and is sensitive to changes in temperature conditions and nutrient availability. Additionally, the effects of climate warming on forest(More)
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