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The purpose of the present study was to determine the extent of immunologic responses, particularly immunopathologic responses, within the upper and lower respiratory tracts after intranasal immunization using the mucosal adjuvant cholera toxin (CT). BALB/c mice were nasally immunized with influenza virus vaccine combined with CT. The inclusion of the(More)
The difference in susceptibility to urinary tract infection between C3H/HeJ and C3H/HeN mice was tested for with gram-negative strains differing in lipopolysaccharide composition. Recently, impaired clearance of Escherichia coli from the kidney of C3H/HeJ compared to C3H/HeN mice was shown to be correlated with the LPS low responsiveness. In this study, a(More)
Intraepithelial lymphocytes (IELs) have been extensively studied in the murine small intestine. However, to date no studies have assessed IEL in the large intestine, despite the marked differences in function and lumenal environment. In the present study, we isolated IEL from both small and large intestine of three mouse strains (BALB/c, C3H/HeN, C57BL/6)(More)
Immunologic reactivity to lipid-DNA conjugates has traditionally been viewed as less of an issue than with viral vectors. We performed a dose escalation safety trial of aerosolized cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) cDNA to the lower airways of eight adult cystic fibrosis patients, and monitored expression by RT-PCR. The cDNA was(More)
The traditional view of HIV-1 infection characterized by the slow decline of CD4+ T cells has radically changed in light of recent observations in rhesus macaques and humans of rapid and extensive infection and removal of memory CD4+ T cells in mucosal tissues within the first three weeks of infection. This initial strike to the immune system seems to be(More)
Recent studies in experimental animals and humans have shown that the mucosal immune system, which is characterized by secretory IgA (S-IgA) antibodies as the major humoral defence factor, contains specialized lymphoid tissues where antigens are encountered from the environment, are taken up and induce B- and T-cell responses. This event is followed by an(More)
The progeny of mice treated with lymphotoxin (LT)-beta receptor (LTbetaR) and Ig (LTbetaR-Ig) lack Peyer's patches but not mesenteric lymph nodes (MLN). In this study, we used this approach to determine the importance of Peyer's patches for induction of mucosal IgA Ab responses in the murine gastrointestinal tract. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed that(More)
We report here a murine model for experimental chronic colitis where administration of trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS) in 50% ethanol induced inflammation of large intestine in susceptible (C3H/HeJ and BALB/c) but not resistant (C57BL/6 and DBA/2) mouse strains. We queried whether mucosal trinitrophenyl (TNP)-specific B cell responses were induced in(More)