Jerry N. Stinner

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Previous studies of reptiles and amphibians have shown that changing the body temperature consistently produces transient changes in the respiratory exchange ratio (RE) and, hence, changes in whole-body CO2 stores, and that the extracellular fluid compartment contributes to the temperature-related changes in CO2 stores. The purpose of this study was to(More)
The pressor response to normal daily behaviors and acute stress was studied in black racer snakes (Coluber constrictor) at 30 degrees C. In addition, hematological changes during the stress response were assessed. Mean nighttime systemic arterial blood pressure (SABP) in undisturbed snakes was lower than daytime pressure (26 +/- 3 vs. 32 +/- 9 mmHg, P <(More)
Oxygen consumption of Pituophis melanoleucus was about 30-50% of values predicted for snakes of similar body mass. Following a rise in body temperature there were transient increases in CO2 elimination and the respiratory exchange ratio for about 6 hours. Lowering body temperature produced transient decreases in CO2 elimination and the respiratory exchange(More)
The effect of temperature upon respiratory exchange ratio (R) was measured in snakes (Coluber constrictor) and turtles (Chrysemys scripta). Increasing body temperature produced a transient elevation of R, and lowering body temperature transiently depressed R. These thermal effects resulted from an 'excess' and a 'deficit' CO2 elimination, respectively.(More)
Sodium appetite and preference were examined in four rat strains using a social stressor and drugs to block sympathetic nervous system (SNS) activity. We have studied these strains for over 14 yr in our laboratory and the SHR strain has increased blood pressure and increased sympathetic nerve activity. The F1 crosses produce male offspring with the Y(More)
The cardiovascular adjustments associated with elevated metabolic demand caused by rising body temperature were investigated in Coluber constrictor. From 16 to 35 degrees C, O2 consumption increased roughly ninefold. Systemic blood flow, determined by the Fick method, increased approximately 4.5-fold and arteriovenous O2 difference increased approximately(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the effects of temperature upon pH, protein charge and acid-base-relevant ion exchange in air-breathing ectotherms. Plasma and skeletal muscles in cane toads (Bufo marinus) and bullfrogs (Rana catesbeiana) were examined at 30, 20 and 10 degrees C. In addition, skeletal muscle ion concentrations were examined in black(More)
The respiratory system in Pituophis melanoleucus is composed of a trachea, a single bronchial lung containing the pulmonary vasculature, and a large membranous caudal air sac. Total air volume (VL) in a 1-kg snake is 97.5 ml and varies with size (M) according to the equation VL = 0.388 M0.80 where VL is in milliliters and M is in grams. These air volumes(More)
1. Pulmonary and cutaneous gas exchange and cutaneous evaporative water loss (EWL) were measured in two frog species,Phyllomedusa sauvagei andChiromantis xerampelina, at 24±1.5°C. These xeric-adapted frogs are noted for their very low EWL. 2. Fractional cutaneous gas exchange varies directly with cutaneous EWL inP. sauvagei. At EWL rates typical of(More)
There is increasing evidence that many amphibian and reptilian species use relatively slow ion-exchange mechanisms in addition to ventilation to adjust pH as body temperature changes. Large changes in blood bicarbonate concentration with changes in temperature have previously been reported for the snake Coluber constrictor. The purpose of the present study(More)