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C57 black mice given a single injection of N-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP), 40 mg/kg, developed marked reduction of striatal dopamine content and loss of dopaminergic neurons in the zona compacta of the substantia nigra. However, pretreatment with any one of four different antioxidants, alpha-tocopherol, beta-carotene, ascorbic acid or(More)
Idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD) may possibly be caused by one or more unidentified neurotoxins present in the environment, or formed endogenously, which progressively damage dopaminergic nigrostriatal neurons. N-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) is an experimental neurotoxin which produces biochemical and neuropathological changes in(More)
Despite having identical cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator genotypes, individuals with DeltaF508 homozygous cystic fibrosis (CF) demonstrate significant variability in severity of pulmonary disease. This investigation used high-density oligonucleotide microarray analysis of nasal respiratory epithelium to investigate the molecular basis of(More)
The effects of 0.1 to 500 mM ethanol on NMDA-activated currents were studied in primary cultures of mouse cortical and hippocampal neurons. In whole-cell recordings the IC50S for inhibition of NMDA-activated currents by ethanol were 129 mM +/- 20 mM in hippocampal neurons and 126 +/- 18 mM in cortical neurons. In single-channel recordings from excised(More)
Zn2+ and ATP are normally present in serum at low levels and are released from some neurons during synaptic activity. In whole-cell recordings, 10 microM Zn2+ potentiated steady-state currents in rat nodose ganglion nerve cells by 18% in 0.5 microM ATP and 120% in 2 microM ATP. Fluctuation analysis of whole-cell suggested the mechanism was increased burst(More)
Ten patients with clinically definite multiple sclerosis (MS) and action tremor were treated with isoniazid (INH) in a double-blind single crossover trial. The daily dose of INH administered during the 4-week treatment phase of the trial was determined by acetylator phenotype with slow acetylators receiving 12 mg/kg per day and rapid acetylators 20 mg/kg(More)
Seven patients with Huntington disease were treated with aminooxyacetic acid (AOAA), an inhibitor of gamma-aminobutyric acid aminotransferase (GABA-T), in an effort to alleviate symptoms by increasing brain GABA content. AOAA was given orally in a placebo-controlled crossover trial in which patients, relatives, and three of the evaluating physicians(More)
BACKGROUND Dexamethasone is widely used for pulmonary exacerbation in patients with cystic fibrosis, however, not much is known about the effects of glucocorticoids on the wild-type cystic fibrosis channel transmembrane regulator (CFTR). Our aim was to determine the effects of dexamethasone treatment on wild-type CFTR expression. METHODS AND RESULTS(More)
The incidence of cardiovascular diseases is ten-times higher in males than females, although the biological basis for this gender disparity is not known. However, based on the fact that antiplatelet drugs are the mainstay for prevention and therapy, we hypothesized that the signaling proteomes in platelets from normal male donors might be more activated(More)
The effects of ethanol on excitatory amino acid activated ion channels were investigated using patch-clamp recording methods. Intoxicating concentrations of ethanol (5-50 mM) inhibited ion current activated by the glutamate receptor agonist N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) in a concentration-dependent manner (IC50 = 30 mM). The intoxicating potency of different(More)