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A method, utilizing brine shrimp (Artemia salina Leach), is proposed as a simple bioassay for natural product research. The procedure determines LC (50) values in microg/ml of active compounds and extracts in the brine medium. Activities of a broad range of known active compounds are manifested as toxicity to the shrimp. Screening results with seed extracts(More)
In RBL-2H3 rat tumor mast cells, antigens that cross-link the high affinity cell surface IgE receptor, Fc epsilon R1, activate at least two receptor-associated protein-tyrosine kinases, Lyn and Syk, and cause the tyrosine phosphorylation of the receptor beta and gamma subunits, PLC gamma 1, Vav, and other proteins. Cross-linking antigens also induce(More)
Gigantecin (I), a novel tetrahydroxy-di-tetrahydrofuran fatty acid gamma-lactone (acetogenin), was isolated from an ethanolic extract of the stem bark of Goniothalamus giganteus Hook. f., Thomas (Annonaceae), by means of activity-directed fractionation (brine shrimp lethality test). This new compound is extremely cytotoxic to human tumor cells, inhibits(More)
An HPLC method and an acid hydrolysis HPLC method for the analysis of anthocyanins and anthocyanidins in bilberry extracts have been developed. The HPLC method coupled with a mass detector has identified 11 anthocyanins in bilberry extracts. The method provides anthocyanin profiles that are very useful in verifying the identity of botanical raw materials,(More)
Extracts of paw paw ( Asimina triloba, Annonaceae) are among the most potent of the 3500 species of higher plants screened for bioactive compounds in our laboratories at Purdue University. The paw paw is a small tree native to eastern North America; its edible fruits (sometimes referred to as "Indiana Bananas") have nurtured mankind for centuries.(More)
Bioactivity-directed fractionation of the seeds of Annona muricata L. (Annonaceae) resulted in the isolation of five new compounds: cis-annonacin (1), cis-annonacin-10-one (2), cis-goniothalamicin (3), arianacin (4), and javoricin (5). Three of these (1-3) are among the first cis mono-tetrahydrofuran ring acetogenins to be reported. NMR analyses of(More)
4-Deoxyannomontacin (1) and a mixture of (2,4-cis and trans)-annomontacinone (2), new bioactive mono-tetrahydrofuran (THF) gamma-lactone and keto-lactone acetogenins, respectively, as well as five known mono-THF acetogenins [xylomaticin, longifolicin, longicoricin, (2,4-cis and trans)-gigantetrocinone, and (2,4-cis and trans)-gigantetroneninone], were(More)
Using activity-directed fractionation, two new bioactive acetogenins, cis-gigantrionenin (1) and 4-acetyl gigantetrocin A (2), have been isolated from the bark of Goniothalamus giganteus (Annonaceae). Compound 1 has a cis-mono-THF ring with one flanking hydroxyl and possesses a cis-double bond at C-21/22 of the aliphatic chain; it represents only the second(More)
Goniotetracin and a mixture of (2,4-cis and trans)-gonioneninone, new, bioactive, mono-tetrahydrofuran (THF) gamma-lactone and ketolactone acetogenins, were isolated from the bark of Goniothalamus giganteus (Annonaceae) by activity-directed fractionation using the brine shrimp lethality test (BST). The structures were elucidated based on spectroscopic and(More)
Two new acetogenins, (2,4-cis and trans)-gigantecinone (1), isolated as a mixture, and 4-deoxygigantecin (2), a known acetogenin whose absolute stereochemistry has not been determined previously, were isolated using activity-directed fractionation, from the bark of Goniothalamus giganteus. A key step in solving their absolute stereochemistries was the(More)