Jerry L. Wessale

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Endothelins (ET) are potent vasoactive peptides implicated in the pathogenesis of a number of vascular diseases. The effects of ET on mammalian organs and cells are initiated by binding to ETA or ETB receptors. In this report, we document the pharmacology of A-127722, a novel ETA-selective receptor antagonist. A-127722 inhibits [125I]ET-1 binding to cloned(More)
Osteoblastic bone metastases are common in prostate and breast cancer patients, but mechanisms by which tumor cells stimulate new bone formation are unclear. We identified three breast cancer cell lines that cause osteoblastic metastases in a mouse model and secrete endothelin-1. Tumor-produced endothelin-1 stimulates new bone formation in vitro and(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The effect of febuxostat (Fx), a non-purine and selective xanthine oxidase inhibitor, on glomerular microcirculatory changes in 5/6 nephrectomy (5/6 Nx) Wistar rats with and without oxonic acid (OA)-induced hyperuricemia was evaluated. METHODS Four groups were studied: 5/6 Nx+vehicle (V)+placebo (P) (n = 7); 5/6 Nx+V+Fx (n = 8); 5/6(More)
The purine analog xanthine oxidase (XO) inhibitors (XOIs), allopurinol and oxypurinol, have been reported to protect against heart failure secondary to myocardial infarction or rapid ventricular pacing. Because these agents might influence other aspects of purine metabolism that could influence their effect, this study examined the effect of the non-purine(More)
Tactile allodynia, the enhanced perception of pain in response to normally non-painful stimulation, represents a common complication of diabetic neuropathy. The activation of endothelin ET(A) receptors has been implicated in diabetes-induced reductions in peripheral neurovascularization and concomitant endoneurial hypoxia. Endothelin receptor activation has(More)
Exposure to hypoxia is associated with increased pulmonary artery pressure and plasma endothelin (ET-1) levels and with selective enhancement of ET-1 peptide and messenger RNA (mRNA) and endothelin-A (ET-A) receptor mRNA in rat lung. Our study tested the hypothesis that A-127722, an orally active antagonist of the ET-A receptor, can prevent hypoxia-induced(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the feasibility of using dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for assessment of muscle perfusion in a rat model of hind-limb ischemia. MATERIALS AND METHODS The acute alteration and chronic recovery in muscle perfusion and perfusion reserve after femoral artery ligation were quantified using the maximum Gd-DTPA(More)
Knowledge of how stroke volume (SV), and hence cardiac output (CO), changes with ventricular pacing rate (R) constitutes a key aspect of sensor driven, variable rate pacemakers. It has been established that the relationship between CO and pacing rate exhibits three phases for rest and constant exercise. At low rates (phase 1), CO increases with increasing(More)
The role of endothelin-B (ET(B)) receptors in circulatory homeostasis is ambiguous, reflecting vasodilator and constrictor effects ascribed to the receptor and diuretic and natriuretic responses that could oppose the hypertensive effects of ET excess. With the use of conscious, telemetry-instrumented cynomolgus monkeys, we characterized the hypertension(More)
We evaluated the role of endothelin-B- (ET(B)) receptor-mediated action in the development and maintenance of deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA)-salt-induced hypertension, cardiovascular hypertrophy and renal damage, using the spotting lethal (sl) rat which carries a naturally occurring deletion in the ET(B)-receptor gene. Homozygous (sl/sl) rats exhibit(More)