Jerry L. McLaughlin

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A method, utilizing brine shrimp (Artemia salina Leach), is proposed as a simple bioassay for natural product research. The procedure determines LC (50) values in microg/ml of active compounds and extracts in the brine medium. Activities of a broad range of known active compounds are manifested as toxicity to the shrimp. Screening results with seed extracts(More)
In RBL-2H3 rat tumor mast cells, antigens that cross-link the high affinity cell surface IgE receptor, Fc epsilon R1, activate at least two receptor-associated protein-tyrosine kinases, Lyn and Syk, and cause the tyrosine phosphorylation of the receptor beta and gamma subunits, PLC gamma 1, Vav, and other proteins. Cross-linking antigens also induce(More)
The Annonaceous acetogenins are promising new antitumor and pesticidal agents that are found only in the plant family Annonaceae. Chemically, they are derivatives of long-chain fatty acids. Biologically, they exhibit their potent bioactivities through depletion of ATP levels via inhibiting complex I of mitochondria and inhibiting the NADH oxidase of plasma(More)
Shewanella putrefaciens is a facultative anaerobe that can use metal oxides as terminal electron acceptors during anaerobic respiration. Two proteins, MtrB and Cct, have been identified that are specifically involved in metal reduction. Analysis of S. putrefaciens mutants deficient in metal reduction led to the identification of two additional proteins that(More)
Extracts of paw paw ( Asimina triloba, Annonaceae) are among the most potent of the 3500 species of higher plants screened for bioactive compounds in our laboratories at Purdue University. The paw paw is a small tree native to eastern North America; its edible fruits (sometimes referred to as "Indiana Bananas") have nurtured mankind for centuries.(More)
Bioactivity-directed fractionation of the seeds of Annona muricata L. (Annonaceae) resulted in the isolation of five new compounds: cis-annonacin (1), cis-annonacin-10-one (2), cis-goniothalamicin (3), arianacin (4), and javoricin (5). Three of these (1-3) are among the first cis mono-tetrahydrofuran ring acetogenins to be reported. NMR analyses of(More)
Bioassay-directed fractionation of a Chinese medicinal plant, Polygonum cuspidatum (Polygonaceae), has led to the discovery of an anthraquinone, emodin [1], as a strong inhibitor of a protein tyrosine kinase (p56lck) partially purified from bovine thymus. Comparison of the IC50 values of emodin for protein tyrosine kinase inhibitory activity with physcion(More)
Bioassay-directed fractionation of a medicinal plant, Polygonum cuspidatum (Polygonaceae), has led to the discovery of a hydroxystilbene, resveratrol [1], as an inhibitor of a protein-tyrosine kinase (p56lck) partially purified from bovine thymus. Both trans and cis isomers of resveratrol possess comparable protein-tyrosine kinase inhibitory activity.(More)
Bioactivity-directed fractionation of the leaves of Annona muricata resulted in the isolation of annopentocins A (1), B (2), and C(3), and cis- and trans-annomuricin-D-ones (4, 5). Compounds 1-3 are the first acetogenins reported bearing a mono-tetrahydrofuran (THF) ring with one flanking hydroxyl, on the hydrocarbon side, and another hydroxyl, on the(More)
Piceatannol (3,4,3'5'-tetrahydroxy-trans-stilbene), a plant secondary natural product that had previously been identified as an antileukemic principle, has been shown to be an inhibitor of protein-tyrosine kinase activity. Piceatannol inhibits the purified thymocyte protein-tyrosine kinase, p40, by competing for the peptide or protein substrate binding site(More)