Jerry L Brown

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Forty halogenated hydrocarbons of known rodent carcinogenicity (24 carcinogens, 16 noncarcinogens), including many promoters of carcinogenesis, nongenotoxic carcinogens, and hepatocarcinogens, were selected for study. The chemicals were administered by gavage in two dose levels to female Sprague-Dawley rats. The effects of these 40 chemicals on four(More)
In a previous study, we found that sodium arsenite increased hepatic ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) activity and hepatic heme oxygenase (HO) activity, but did not cause any DNA damage in adult female rat liver or lung, suggesting that arsenite may be a promoter of carcinogenesis. In this study sodium arsenate, monomethylarsonic acid (MMA) and dimethylarsinic(More)
111 chemicals of known rodent carcinogenicity (49 carcinogens, 62 noncarcinogens), including many promoters of carcinogenesis, nongenotoxic carcinogens, hepatocarcinogens, and halogenated hydrocarbons, were selected for study. The chemicals were administered by gavage in two dose levels to female Sprague-Dawley rats. The effects of these 111 chemicals on 4(More)
Published dose-response curves of promoters of multistage carcinogenesis were selected that met the combined criteria of long study times, multiple doses, and low doses. In rat liver, 12 dose-response studies of 7 different promoters (phenobarbital, 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin [TCDD], clophen A-50 (a polychlorinated biphenyl), alpha-, beta-, and(More)
Three chlorinated methanes, carbon tetrachloride, chloroform, and methylene chloride, known to cause liver tumors in rodents, were given by oral gavage to adult female rats both 21 h and 4 h before sacrifice. Then hepatic DNA damage, ornithine decarboxylase (ODC), cytochrome P-450, glutathione content, and serum alanine aminotransferase (SGPT) activity(More)
Sodium arsenite and cadmium chloride, were administered orally to adult female rats at 21 and 4 h prior to sacrifice. Liver, lung, skin and urinary bladder were the tissues studied. DNA damage, cytochrome P450, glutathione content (GSH), ornithine decarboxylase (ODC), serum alanine aminotransferase and heme oxygenase activity were measured. Sodium arsenite(More)