Jerry J. Flores

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Cerebral hemorrhages account for 15–20 % of stroke sub-types and have very poor prognoses. The mortality rate for cerebral hemorrhage patients is between 40 and 50 %, of which at least half of the deaths occur within the first 2 days, and 75 % of survivors are incapable of living independently after 1 year. Current emergency interventions involve lowering(More)
Granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF), a growth factor, has known neuroprotective effects in a variety of experimental brain injury models. Herein we show that G-CSF administration attenuates neuronal apoptosis after neonatal hypoxia-ischemia (HI) via glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK-3β) inhibition. Ten day old Sprague-Dawley rat pups (n=157) were(More)
Early brain injury (EBI) which comprises of vasogenic edema and apoptotic cell death is an important component of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) pathophysiology. This study evaluated whether cannabinoid receptor type 2 (CB2R) agonist, JWH133, attenuates EBI after SAH and whether CB2R stimulation reduces pro-apoptotic caspase-3 via up-regulation of cAMP(More)
Hypoxia inducible factor (HIF)-1α is the central transcriptional factor for the regulation of oxygen-associated genes in response to hypoxia. Erythropoietin (EPO), a hematopoietic growth factor, increases oxygen availability during hypoxia/ischemia and is associated with neuroprotection following hypoxia–ischemia in laboratory models of stroke. However, EPO(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE This study investigated if acute and delayed deferoxamine treatment attenuates long-term sequelae after germinal matrix hemorrhage (GMH). METHODS Bacterial collagenase (0.3 U) was infused intraparenchymally into the right hemispheric ganglionic eminence in P7 rat pups to induce GMH. GMH animals received either deferoxamine or(More)
Germinal matrix hemorrhage remains the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in preterm infants in the United States with little progress made in its clinical management. Survivors are often afflicted with long-term neurological sequelae, including cerebral palsy, mental retardation, hydrocephalus, and psychiatric disorders. Blood clots disrupting normal(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE This study examines the role of thrombin's protease-activated receptor (PAR)-1, PAR-4 in mediating cyclooxygenase-2 and mammalian target of rapamycin after germinal matrix hemorrhage. METHODS Germinal matrix hemorrhage was induced by intraparenchymal infusion of bacterial collagenase into the right ganglionic eminence of P7 rat(More)
Germinal matrix hemorrhage (GMH) is a major cause of brain damage in prematurity and has long-lasting neurological implications. The development of brain inflammation contributes to brain injury, leading to a lifetime of neurologic deficits. PAR-1 and 4 receptors are involved with inflammatory pathways after brain hemorrhage in adult models of stroke, of(More)
Fertility, ovum transport, and ciliary activity were examined in 35 rabbits after either unilateral microsurgical reversal or double transection (surgical controls) of 1 cm. segments of distal, middle, or proximal ampulla. Fertility was also examined following similar segmental reversal at the level of the distal and proximal isthmus in eight additional(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE This study investigated whether isoflurane ameliorates neurological sequelae after germinal matrix hemorrhage (GMH) through activation of the cytoprotective sphingosine kinase/sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor/Akt pathway. METHODS GMH was induced in P7 rat pups by intraparenchymal infusion of bacterial collagenase (0.3 U) into the(More)