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BACKGROUND Articular cartilage is a highly functional tissue which covers the ends of long bones and serves to ensure proper joint movement. A tissue engineering approach that recapitulates the developmental characteristics of articular cartilage can be used to examine the maturation and degeneration of cartilage and produce fully functional neotissue(More)
Current therapies for articular cartilage defects often result in fibrocartilaginous tissue. To achieve regeneration with hyaline articular cartilage, tissue-engineering approaches employing cell-seeded scaffolds have been investigated. However, limitations of scaffolds include phenotypic alteration of cells, stress-shielding, hindrance of neotissue(More)
Articular cartilage is composed of phenotypically different zones. In young articular cartilage, there are only two distinct zones: superficial and growth. The zones have different mechanical properties and play specific roles within functional cartilage tissue. In small animal models, it is difficult to separate the zones quickly and efficiently using only(More)
Articular cartilage was predicted to be one of the first tissues to successfully be regenerated, but this proved incorrect. In contrast, bone (but also vasculature and cardiac tissues) has seen numerous successful reparative approaches, despite consisting of multiple cell and tissue types and, thus, possessing more complex design requirements. Here, we use(More)
The insufficient healing capacity of articular cartilage necessitates mechanically functional biologic tissue replacements. Using cells to form biomimetic cartilage implants is met with the challenges of cell scarcity and donor site morbidity, requiring expanded cells that possess the ability to generate robust neocartilage. To address this, this study(More)
To date, static culture for the tissue engineering of articular cartilage has shown to be inadequate in conferring functionality to constructs. Various forms of mechanical stimuli accompany articular cartilage development in vivo, and one of these is hydrostatic pressure. This study used histology, biochemistry, and biomechanics to examine the effects of(More)
Chondral and osteochondral lesions due to injury or other pathology commonly result in the development of osteoarthritis, eventually leading to progressive total joint destruction. Although current progress suggests that biologic agents can delay the advancement of deterioration, such drugs are incapable of promoting tissue restoration. The limited ability(More)
Effective early disease modifying options for osteoarthritis remain lacking. Tissue engineering approach to generate cartilage in vitro has emerged as a promising option for articular cartilage repair and regeneration. Signaling molecules and matrix modifying agents, derived from knowledge of cartilage development and homeostasis, have been used as(More)
Articular cartilage repair and regeneration continue to be largely intractable because of the poor regenerative properties of this tissue. The field of articular cartilage tissue engineering, which aims to repair, regenerate, and/or improve injured or diseased articular cartilage functionality, has evoked intense interest and holds great potential for(More)
OBJECTIVE To develop a process that yields tissue-engineered articular cartilage constructs from skin-derived cells. METHODS Dermis-isolated, aggrecan-sensitive (DIAS) cells were isolated using a modified rapid adherence process. The chondrogenic potential was measured by quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction, enzyme-linked(More)