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The role of interleukin-6 (IL-6) on emotional behavior was studied in two experiments using transgenic mice carrying a null mutation for IL-6 (IL-6(-/-)). In the first experiment, IL-6(-/-) mice were compared with the two wild-type strains contributing to the genetic background of the transgenic mice, namely C57BL/6J and 129/SvJ, as well as with the F2(More)
Long-term cannabinoid administration produces region-dependent CB1 receptor desensitization and down-regulation. This study examined the time course for normalization of CB1 receptors and G-protein activation using 3H-labeled N-(piperidin-1-yl)-5-(4-chlorophenyl)-1-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)-4-methyl-1H-pyrazole-3-carboximide hydrochloride (SR141716A) and(More)
In this work we confirmed the activation of rat brain Na+/K(+)-ATPase by norepinephrine (NE) and observed a variable response of the enzyme according to the brain region considered. In isolated neuronal or glial fractions from normal cerebral cortices, we studied the response of the enzyme to increasing concentrations of serotonin (5-HT) (10(-9)-10(-3) M).(More)
The postnatal development of the 5-HT1 receptor system was studied in young rat brain cortex from birth to adulthood (14 successive ages). The high-affinity binding of [3H]5-HT was low at birth but developed markedly between the 8th and the 15th day postnatally. The basal adenylate cyclase activity produced 50 pmoles cAMP/mg protein/min at birth and(More)
The metallothionein (MT) gene family consists of several members (MT-I-IV) that are tightly regulated during development. MT-I and MT-II are expressed in many tissues, including the brain, whereas MT-III is expressed mainly in the central nervous system. However, the physiological roles of these isoforms in the brain and their regulation are poorly(More)
The effects of known inducers of liver metallothionein (MT) synthesis on MT concentrations in the rat brain have been determined using antibodies that are specific for MT I and II and do not cross-react with MT III. There were substantial differences in the MT concentrations in different areas of the brain. Dexamethasone increased MT levels after 24 h in(More)
In the present work we studied the effect of serotonin (5-HT) on the kinetics of Na+/K(+)-ATPase in subcellular preparations of the cerebral cortex from male Wistar rats using various concentrations of ATP and K+ with and without added 5-HT. Also we studied the effect of 5-HT on the enzyme in glial or neuronal preparations. The results indicated that there(More)
Metallothioneins (MTs) are a family of proteins which in mammals is comprised of four isoforms (MT-I-IV). MT-I and MT-II are expressed in many tissues, whereas MT-III is expressed exclusively in the central nervous system (CNS). In contrast to the liver, the knowledge of the regulation of the different MT isoforms in the brain is scarce. A number of(More)
The effect of interleukin-6 (IL-6) on metallothionein-I (MT-I) and MT-III expression in the brain has been studied in transgenic mice expressing IL-6 under the regulatory control of the glial fibrillary acidic protein gene promoter (GFAP-IL6 mice), which develop chronic progressive neurodegenerative disease. In situ hybridization analysis revealed that(More)
In the present work we confirm that gestational malnutrition effects body and brain composition and results in an activation of the synthesis of the brain neurotransmitter 5-hydroxytryptamine. These results also demonstrate more activity of the rate-limiting enzyme tryptophan hydroxylase in the malnourished fetal and postnatal brain. However, the activity(More)