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Signaling via the NF-kappaB cascade is critical for innate recognition of microbial products and immunity to infection. As a consequence, this pathway represents a strong selective pressure on infectious agents and many parasitic, bacterial and viral pathogens have evolved ways to subvert NF-kappaB signaling to promote their survival. Although the(More)
The variability of accounting accruals provides a measure of the normal level of managers' accounting discretion and has important implications for event studies of earnings management. We examine how this measure is related to the economic factors including both firm characteristics and attributes of the disclosure environment. We show that the variability(More)
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