Jerry D Vloka

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BACKGROUND Recommendations regarding the technical aspects of nerve stimulator-assisted nerve localization are conflicting. The objectives of this study were to determine whether the placement of the cutaneous electrode affects nerve stimulation and to determine the duration and intensity of an electrical stimulus that allows nerve stimulation with minimal(More)
In the anterior approach to the sciatic nerve block, the femur often obstructs the passage of the needle toward the sciatic nerve. In this study, by using a human cadaver model, we assessed how internal and external rotation of the leg influences the accessibility of the sciatic nerve with the anterior approach. Ten lower extremities from five adult(More)
BACKGROUND Nerve stimulation with a low-intensity electrical current has become a vital part of the performance of peripheral nerve blockade. The purpose of this study was to compare the accuracy and characteristics of peripheral nerve stimulators used in clinical practice in the United States. METHODS Fifteen peripheral nerve stimulators were fitted with(More)
Sciatic nerve block in the popliteal fossa is associated with a highly variable success rate. Frequently, anesthesia is profound in the distribution of both the tibial (TN) and common peroneal nerves (CPN), although the response to nerve stimulation or paresthesia is obtained in the distribution of one division of the nerve. However, anesthesia in the(More)
UNLABELLED The classical approach to sciatic nerve block in the popliteal fossa (popliteal block) often requires multiple attempts to localize the sciatic nerve. Recently, it has been suggested that an intertendinous approach to popliteal block may result in a more consistent localization of the sciatic nerve. In the current study, we compared anatomical(More)
BACKGROUND Many studies demonstrate an association between brain damage and the extracellular release of catecholamines and amino acids during cerebral ischemia. While the clinical value of hypothermia during periods of compromised cerebral blood flow and oxygen delivery is well established, the role of anesthetic agents is less clear. Furthermore, the(More)
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