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The primary purpose of this study was to generate data that could be used to determine the absolute bioavailability of lead using data from a previous study in which soil containing lead from mining waste was mixed with feed. Young male and female Sprague-Dawley rats (7-8 weeks of age, five/sex/group) were given either soluble lead acetate mixed in a(More)
The purposes of this study were to determine the extent of absorption of lead (Pb) in mining waste soil from Butte, Montana, and to investigate the effect of mining waste soil dose (g soil/day) on tissue lead concentrations. Young, 7- to 8-week-old male and female Sprague-Dawley rats (5/sex/group) were given mining waste soil that contained 810 or 3908 ppm(More)
After a single intravenous dose of ammonium [14C]perfluorooctanoate [( 14C]PFO, 13.3 mg/kg) or of potassium [14C]perfluorooctanesulfonate [( 14C]PFOS, 3.4 mg/kg) to rats, cholestyramine fed daily as a 4% mixture in feed was shown to increase the total carbon-14 eliminated via feces and to decrease liver concentration of carbon-14. Rats were fed(More)
The metabolism of 14C-flecainide acetate, a new antiarrhythmic, was investigated in four healthy human subjects, after a single, 200-mg oral dose. The cumulative recovery of radioactivity ranged from 81 to 90% (mean, 86%) in urine and from 4 to 6% (mean, 5%) in feces; thus, flecainide does not appear to undergo extensive biliary excretion, unless(More)
trans-Cinnamaldehyde is a widely used natural ingredient that is added to foods and cosmetics as a flavoring and fragrance agent. Male and female F344/N rats and B6C3F(1) mice were exposed to microencapsulated trans-cinnamaldehyde in the feed for three months or two years. All studies included untreated and vehicle control groups. In the three-month(More)
A 44-day dosed feed study was performed to compare the bioavailability of lead from contaminated soil versus two lead salts and the effect of soil on gastrointestinal absorption of ingested lead. Male Fischer rats (approximately 4 weeks of age) received lead, 17, 42, or 127 ppm, in the form of lead acetate, lead sulfide, lead-contaminated soil, or(More)
Dipropylene glycol (DPG) is a component of many commercial products such as antifreeze, air fresheners, cosmetic products, solvents, and plastics. Male and female F344/N rats and B6C3F1 mice were exposed to DPG in the drinking water for 2 weeks, 3 months, or 2 years. In the 2-week and 3-month studies, rats and mice were exposed to 0, 5000, 10,000, 20,000,(More)
BACKGROUND STAT3 overexpression has been detected in several cancers including head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Previous studies using intratumoral administration of a STAT3 decoy oligonucleotide that abrogates STAT3-mediated gene transcription in preclinical cancer models have demonstrated antitumor efficacy. This study was conducted to(More)
Citral, a widely used natural ingredient, is added to foods and cosmetics as a flavoring and fragrance agent. Male and female F344/N rats and B6C3F1 mice were exposed to microencapsulated citral in the feed for 14 weeks or two years. All studies included untreated and vehicle control groups. In the 14-week studies, rats and mice were given diets containing(More)
Two variants of insertion sequence IS231, named IS231G and H, were isolated from Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. darmstadiensis 73-E-10-2 (BTD2), an isolate toxic to dipteran insects, and characterized by DNA sequence analysis. They are encoded consecutively as direct repeats on an EcoRI fragment of 5.6 kilo base pairs. Direct tandem repeats of IS231 elements(More)