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L-selectin mediates lymphocyte homing by facilitating lymphocyte adhesion to unique carbohydrate ligands, sulfated sialyl Lewis(x), which are expressed on high endothelial venules (HEV) in secondary lymphoid organs. The nature of the sulfotransferase(s) that contribute to sulfation of such L-selectin counterreceptors has been uncertain. We herein describe a(More)
The beta-1,6-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase (beta1,6GnT) gene family encodes enzymes playing crucial roles in glycan synthesis. Important changes in beta1,6GnT expression are observed during development, oncogenesis, and immunodeficiency. The most characterized beta1,6GnTs in this gene family are the human (h) C2GnT-L and h-IGnT, which have core 2(More)
Mucin-type O-glycans are classified according to their core structures. Among them, cores 2 and 4 are important for having N-acetyllactosamine side chains, which can be further modified to express various functional oligosaccharides. Previously, we discovered by cloning cDNAs that the core 2 branching enzyme, termed core 2(More)
The HNK-1 carbohydrate is expressed on various adhesion molecules in the nervous system and is suggested to play a role in cell-cell and cell-substratum interactions. Here we describe the isolation and functional expression of a cDNA encoding a human sulfotransferase that synthesizes the HNK-1 carbohydrate epitope. A mutant Chinese hamster ovary cell line,(More)
HNK-1 glycan, sulfo-->3GlcAbeta1-->3Galbeta1-->4GlcNAc-->R, is uniquely enriched in neural cells and natural killer cells and is thought to play important roles in cell-cell interaction. HNK-1 glycan synthesis is dependent on HNK-1 sulfotransferase (HNK-1ST), and cDNAs encoding human and rat HNK-1ST have been recently cloned. HNK-1ST belongs to the(More)
Among mucus-secreting cells, the gastric gland mucous cells, Brunner's glands, accessory glands of pancreaticobiliary tract, and pancreatic ducts exhibiting gastric metaplasia are unique in that they express class III mucin identified by paradoxical Con A staining composed of periodate oxidation, sodium borohydride reduction, Con A, and horseradish(More)
PURPOSE A lipid-based prodrug of mitomycin C [MMC; 2,3-(distearoyloxy)propane-1-dithio-4'-benzyloxycarbonyl-MMC] was designed for liposome formulation. The purpose of this study was to examine the in vitro cytotoxicity, pharmacokinetics, in vivo toxicity, and in vivo antitumor activity of this new lipid-based prodrug formulated in polyethylene glycol-coated(More)
Core 2 O-glycan branching catalyzed by UDP-N-acetyl-alpha-D-glucosamine: acceptor beta1, 6-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferases (beta6GlcNAc-Ts) is an important step in mucin-type biosynthesis. Core 2 complex-type O-glycans are involved in selectin-mediated adhesion events, and O-glycan branching appears to be highly regulated. Two homologous beta6GlcNAc-Ts(More)
Twenty-six strains of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato were subjected to polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis for assessing the sequence divergence of rpoD gene encoding the primary sigma factor. Four and five RFLP patterns were observed from two fragments of rpoD gene. Sequence analysis of a subgenic(More)
S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine hydrolase (AdoHcy hydrolase, EC 3.3.1.1), a specific target for antiviral drug design, catalyzes the hydrolysis of AdoHcy to adenosine (Ado) and homocysteine (Hcy) as well as the synthesis of AdoHcy from Ado and Hcy. The enzyme isolated from different sources has been shown to contain tightly bound NAD+. Based on the 2.0(More)