Jerome S. Salem

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Malaria remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, accounting for more than one million deaths annually. We have focused on the reduction of ribonucleotides to 2'-deoxyribonucleotides, catalyzed by ribonucleotide reductase, which represents the rate-determining step in DNA replication as a target for antimalarial agents. We report the(More)
Ribonucleotide reductase is essential for DNA synthesis in cycling cells. It has been previously shown that the catalytically competent tyrosyl free radical of its small R2 subunit (R2-Y.) is scavenged in tumor cells co-cultured with macrophages expressing a nitric oxide synthase II activity. We now demonstrate a loss of R2-Y. induced either by .NO or(More)
A 2.2kb relA/spoT homologue was isolated from Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) genomic DNA by PCR-amplification. The Mtb gene encodes a protein of 738 amino acid residues, and is flanked upstream by an ORF that is highly similar to the apt gene, and downstream by an ORF that is highly similar to the cypH gene. This dual function Mtb homologue belongs to the(More)
Two nrdF genes, nrdF1 and nrdF2, encoding the small subunit (R2) of ribonucleotide reductase (RR) from Mycobacterium tuberculosis have 71% identity at the amino acid level and are both highly homologous with Salmonella typhimurium R2F. The calculated molecular masses of R2-1 and R2-2 are 36,588 (322 amino acids [aa]) and 36,957 (324 aa) Da, respectively.(More)
Ribonucleotide reductase (RNR) is a key enzyme for DNA synthesis since it provides cells with deoxyribonucleotides, the DNA precursors. Class I alpha2beta2 RNRs contain a dinuclear iron center and an essential tyrosyl radical in the beta2 component (protein R2). This is also true for the purified protein R2 of Mycobacterium tuberculosis RNR, as shown by(More)
The large subunit of ribonucleotide reductase from mouse has been overexpressed in Spodoptera frugiperda cells infected with recombinant baculovirus. The expressed protein was purified by affinity chromatography to apparent homogeneity as determined by SDS-PAGE. The homogeneous protein is recognized in Western blot analysis by a monoclonal antibody raised(More)
Here we report on the formation and activity of complexes between the large subunit (mR1) dimer of mouse ribonucleotide reductase (mRR) and small subunit chimeric dimers (cR2) derived from Escherichia coli and mouse small subunits. cR2 subunits were constructed by substituting mouse C-terminal gene sequences, coding for either 7 or 33 amino acid residues,(More)
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