Jerome O. Nriagu

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Calculated loading rates of trace metals into the three environmental compartments demonstrate that human activities now have major impacts on the global and regional cycles of most of the trace elements. There is significant contamination of freshwater resources and an accelerating accumulation of toxic metals in the human food chain.
BACKGROUND: Recent years have seen an expansion in the use of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) in environmental health research. In this field GIS can be used to detect disease clustering, to analyze access to hospital emergency care, to predict environmental outbreaks, and to estimate exposure to toxic compounds. Despite these advances the inability of(More)
BACKGROUND Exposure to arsenic concentrations in drinking water in excess of 300 microg/L is associated with diseases of the circulatory and respiratory system, several types of cancer, and diabetes; however, little is known about the health consequences of exposure to low-to-moderate levels of arsenic (10-100 microg/L). METHODS A standardized mortality(More)
Bladder cancer is the most common malignancy among Egyptian males and previously has been attributed to Schistosoma infection, a major risk factor for squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Recently, transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) incidence has been increasing while SCC has declined. To investigate this shift, we analyzed the geographical patterns of all bladder(More)
FEW (if any) recent studies on the atmospheric cycle of trace metals have considered the flux of the metals into the atmosphere on a global scale. Information on worldwide emissions is needed to assess the transboundary movement of pollutant metals and to validate models of the global atmospheric circulation patterns. The worldwide inventories of the(More)
Arsenic produces a variety of stress responses in mammalian cells, including metabolic abnormalities accompanied by growth inhibition and eventually apoptosis. Morphological alterations in cells exposed to arsenic often suggest underlying disruption of cytoskeletal structural elements responsible for cellular integrity, shape, and locomotion. However,(More)
Arsenic in drinking water has been linked with the risk of urinary bladder cancer, but the dose–response relationships for arsenic exposures below 100 μg/L remain equivocal. We conducted a population-based case–control study in southeastern Michigan, USA, where approximately 230,000 people were exposed to arsenic concentrations between 10 and 100 μg/L. This(More)
Exposure to environmental contaminants is complicated by factors related to socioeconomic status, diet, and other culturally conditioned risk behaviors. Determination of a trace element profile in toenails can be used as a tool in biomonitoring the exposure history or assessing the deficiency of a particular element in a study population, which can lead to(More)
Oxidation of arsenite [As(III)] with ozone and oxygen was investigated in groundwater samples containing 46-62 micrograms/l total dissolved arsenic, 100-1130 micrograms/l Fe and 9-16 micrograms/l Mn. Conversion of As(III), which constituted over 70% of dissolved arsenic in the samples, to As(V) was fast with ozone, but sluggish with pure oxygen and air.(More)