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The chloro-S-triazine herbicides (i.e., atrazine, simazine, cyanazine) constitute the largest group of herbicides sold in the United States. Despite their extensive usage, relatively little is known about the possible human-health effects and mechanism(s) of action of these compounds. Previous studies in our laboratory have shown that the chlorotriazines(More)
Multiple exposures to the herbicide atrazine (ATRZ) were shown to suppress the LH surge in both cycling female rats and those ovariectomized (OVX) and primed with estradiol (E2). A single ATRZ administration was found to induce a prompt and marked increase in progesterone (P4). As exogenous P4 is known to have a differential effect on the LH surge depending(More)
Following the intraocular injection of tritiated proline in the mouse, the progressive transport of radioactivity in the brain and the nature of the cortical material(s) to which the label is bound was examined. About 35-40% of the radioactivity that was present in the cerebral cortex at four weeks post-injection was extractable with either distilled water(More)
Chlordimeform [N'-(4-chloro-o-tolyl)-N,N-dimethylformamidine] has been shown to cause a 1-day delay in the surge of luteinizing hormone (LH) in ovariectomized, steroid-primed female rats, presumably through its ability to block CNS alpha-noradrenergic receptors and consequently CNS regulation of anterior pituitary function. In the present study, we(More)
The midcycle surge of luteinizing hormone (LH) from the pituitary provides the physiological trigger in the mammalian female for the process of ovulation. Accordingly, any agent that compromises the LH surge could function as a reproductive toxicant. Since ovariectomized (OVX) rats implanted with oestradiol capsules will exhibit daily afternoon surges, such(More)
BACKGROUND Trihalomethanes (THMs) and haloacetic acids (HAAs) are regulated disinfection by-products (DBPs); their joint reproductive toxicity in drinking water is unknown. OBJECTIVE We aimed to evaluate a drinking water mixture of the four regulated THMs and five regulated HAAs in a multigenerational reproductive toxicity bioassay. METHODS(More)
Appropriate regulation of reproductive processes are dependent upon the integrity of pituitary function. In this selected review, we evaluate the evidence that certain environmental compounds exert their effect on reproductive function via a direct action on the pituitary gland. We also discuss examples of changes in pituitary hormone secretion that occur(More)
In female rodents, hypothalamic norepinephrine (NE) has a role in stimulating the secretion of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) that triggers the ovulatory surge of luteinizing hormone (LH). NE synthesis from dopamine (DA) is catalyzed by dopamine-beta-hydroxylase (DbetaH) which contains a copper cofactor. Sodium dimethyldithiocarbamate (DMDC) is a(More)
Previous data have shown that regional differences in the presence of anterior pituitary luteinizing hormone (LH) generally correlate with the comparable disparities in distribution of gonadotropes throughout the gland. In female rats, the differences are apparent over the estrous cycle, but are more prominent during the hours preceding the proestrus surge(More)
In female rodents, hypothalamic norepinephrine (NE) has a role in stimulating the secretion of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) that triggers the ovulatory surge of luteinizing hormone (LH). NE synthesis from dopamine (DA) is catalyzed by dopamine-b-hydroxylase (DbH) which contains a copper co-factor. Sodium dimethyldithiocarbamate (DMDC) is a(More)