Jerome Harms

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Toll-like receptors (TLRs) play essential roles in the activation of innate immune responses against microbial infections. TLRs and downstream adaptor molecules contain a conserved cytoplasmic TIR domain. TIRAP is a TIR domain-containing adaptor protein that recruits the signaling adaptor MyD88 to a subset of TLRs. Many pathogenic microorganisms subvert TLR(More)
Optimal protective immunity to Brucella abortus infection is dependent on a coordinate interaction between different T-cell subsets which leads to an antigen-specific T-lymphocyte-mediated activation of macrophages, the main cellular reservoir for the bacterium. As an initial step in the identification of bacterial proteins that mediate cellular immunity,(More)
TIR (Toll/interleukin-1 receptor) domain-containing proteins play a crucial role in innate immunity in eukaryotes. Brucella is a highly infectious intracellular bacterium that encodes a TIR domain protein (TcpB) to subvert host innate immune responses to establish a beneficial niche for pathogenesis. TcpB inhibits NF-κB (nuclear factor κB) activation and(More)
Brucella melitensis is a facultative intracellular bacterium that causes brucellosis, the most prevalent zoonosis worldwide. The Brucella intracellular replicative niche in macrophages and dendritic cells thwarts immune surveillance and complicates both therapy and vaccine development. Currently, host-pathogen interactions supporting Brucella replication(More)
The use of mammalian gene expression vectors has become increasingly important for transgenics and gene therapy as well as basic research. Essential for the success of these vectors in medical research applications is the proper choice of promoter linked to the gene of interest. Many mammalian expression vectors use promoter elements from pathogenic(More)
The alphaherpesvirus tegument protein VP22 has been characterized with multiple traits including microtubule reorganization, nuclear localization, and nonclassical intercellular trafficking. However, all these data were derived from studies using herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) and may not apply to VP22 homologs of other alphaherpesviruses. We compared(More)
The immunogenicity and protective efficacy of a DNA vaccine encoding the GroEL heat-shock gene from Brucella abortus was tested in BALB/c mice immunised by intramuscular (i.m.) needle injection or epidermally by gene gun. The Brucella GroEL gene was amplified by PCR and cloned into two different mammalian expression vectors pCMV-link and pCMV-tPA. The D17(More)
The use of mammalian gene expression vectors has become increasingly important for genetic immunization and gene therapy as well as basic research. Essential for the success of these vectors in genetic immunization is the proper choice of a promoter linked to the antigen of interest. Many genetic immunization vectors use promoter elements from pathogenic(More)
Brucella spp. are intracellular bacteria that cause the most frequent zoonosis in the world. Although recent work has advanced the field of Brucella vaccine development, there remains no safe human vaccine. In order to produce a safe and effective human vaccine, the immune response to Brucella spp. requires greater understanding. Induction of(More)
Brucellosis is a common zoonotic disease that remains endemic in many parts of the world. Dissecting the host immune response during this disease provides insight as to why brucellosis is often difficult to resolve. We used a Brucella epitope specific in vivo killing assay to investigate the ability of CD8+ T cells to kill targets treated with purified(More)