Learn More
CA 125 has been found in high concentrations in human amniotic fluid throughout gestation, with significant quantities seen in the decidua and chorion. Because disruption of the epithelial basement membrane of the fetal membrane or the decidua could theoretically lead to a rise in maternal CA 125 levels, this increase may be a predictor of subsequent(More)
Guanine nucleotide-binding regulatory proteins play key intermediary roles in regulating zona pellucida-mediated acrosomal exocytosis in mouse and bull sperm. Since human sperm possess a Gi-like protein and undergo the acrosome reaction in response to the human zona pellucida, we investigated whether this G protein plays a regulatory role in this exocytotic(More)
BACKGROUND Several studies have reported that the presence of intramural fibroids affects conception following IVF. We attempted to corroborate or refute the conclusions relating to IVF and leiomyomas of the aforementioned studies. METHODS Women with small intramural leiomyomata (< or = 5 cm) discovered on initial pelvic sonographic studies performed in(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the controversy whether an increased endometrial thickness has an effect on pregnancy, implantation, or abortion rates in in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) cycles. DESIGN Retrospective analysis. SETTING A university-based IVF center. PATIENT(S) Five hundred seventy women under the age of 40. INTERVENTION(S)(More)
The efficacy of a technique of gonadotropin suppression and human menopausal gonadotropins (hMG) to induce ovulation in women with hypergonadotropic amenorrhea was evaluated in 100 consecutive women. Ovulation was achieved in 19% of cycles (68/361), the pregnancy rate per cycle was 5.2% (19/361), and the viable pregnancy rate was 2.2% (8/361). In the(More)
Some researchers claim that first trimester beta-human chorionic gonadotrophin (beta HCG) levels have a constant doubling time; others suggest doubling time increases as pregnancy progresses. This study was designed to settle the debate by analysing a large series of serial serum beta HCG determinations from 143 pregnant women whose day of ovulation was(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate independently the effect of blastomere number and degree of fragmentation on pregnancy outcome following single ETs in women with a decreased egg reserve. DESIGN Retrospective cohort analysis. SETTING In vitro fertilization center of a university-based practice. PATIENT(S) Women having a single ET related to a decreased egg(More)
PROBLEM The immunomodulatory effect of progesterone (P) in pregnancy manifested via a protein named the P-induced blocking factor (PIBF) was previously reported. The goal of this study was to measure and compare the PIBF expression on lymphocytes between pregnant and non-pregnant women especially in early pregnancy. METHODS PIBF expression was determined(More)
Purpose: Our purpose was to determine if controlled ovarian hyperstimulation adversely affects implantation. Methods: A retrospective comparison of pregnancy rates (PRs) and implantation rates was made between oocyte recipients versus their donors, who shared half of the retrieved oocytes, and regular patients undergoing in vitro fertilization–embryo(More)
Previous data suggested a subtle increase in serum P at the time of hCG injection without LH surge reduces the PR of women having oocyte retrievals for IVF; this study compared PRs of recipients in a shared oocyte program according to the donors' pre-hCG P level. There was no difference in viable PRs between recipients and donors when P < or = 1 ng/mL. The(More)