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Some researchers claim that first trimester beta-human chorionic gonadotrophin (beta HCG) levels have a constant doubling time; others suggest doubling time increases as pregnancy progresses. This study was designed to settle the debate by analysing a large series of serial serum beta HCG determinations from 143 pregnant women whose day of ovulation was(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the controversy whether an increased endometrial thickness has an effect on pregnancy, implantation, or abortion rates in in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) cycles. DESIGN Retrospective analysis. SETTING A university-based IVF center. PATIENT(S) Five hundred seventy women under the age of 40. INTERVENTION(S)(More)
A high DNA fragmentation index (DFI) when performing the sperm chromatin structural (SCSA) assay was claimed to be so specific for male subfertility that even IVF and ICSI did not result in live pregnancies. The present study was designed to corroborate or refute these findings. The SCSA test was performed on the male partner from couples failing to have a(More)
BACKGROUND Several studies have reported that the presence of intramural fibroids affects conception following IVF. We attempted to corroborate or refute the conclusions relating to IVF and leiomyomas of the aforementioned studies. METHODS Women with small intramural leiomyomata (< or = 5 cm) discovered on initial pelvic sonographic studies performed in(More)
Guanine nucleotide-binding regulatory proteins play key intermediary roles in regulating zona pellucida-mediated acrosomal exocytosis in mouse and bull sperm. Since human sperm possess a Gi-like protein and undergo the acrosome reaction in response to the human zona pellucida, we investigated whether this G protein plays a regulatory role in this exocytotic(More)
PURPOSE To determine if uterine fibroids have a negative impact in older patients having embryo transfer (ET). METHODS Comparison of clinical and viable pregnancy rates, implantation rates, and spontaneous abortion rates in older (>35) oocyte or embryo recipients with uterine leiomyomata compared to comparable patients without fibroids. RESULTS The(More)
Three women with very elevated, early-first-trimester CA 125 levels spontaneously aborted but not until later in the first trimester or early in the second trimester. All three products of conception showed chromosomal abnormalities. Further investigation is warranted to see if high CA 125 levels might be predictive of abnormal karyotypes.
Previous data suggested a subtle increase in serum P at the time of hCG injection without LH surge reduces the PR of women having oocyte retrievals for IVF; this study compared PRs of recipients in a shared oocyte program according to the donors' pre-hCG P level. There was no difference in viable PRs between recipients and donors when P < or = 1 ng/mL. The(More)
  • J H Check
  • 2005
In vitro fertilization-embryo transfer seems to be an effective treatment for unexplained infertility. Some IVF centers always perform intracytoplasmic sperm injection in these circumstances being concerned that fertilization failure may occur by conventional oocyte insemination. However, other IVF centers perform intracytoplasmic sperm injection on half of(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the survival rate and pregnancy rate (PR) of embryos from intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) or conventional IVF, which were cryopreserved at the pronuclear stage in cycles where fresh transfer was deferred. DESIGN Comparative observational study. SETTING University-associated IVF center. PATIENT(S) Ninety-nine patients who(More)