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BACKGROUND Ataxia with oculomotor apraxia type 2 (AOA2) is an autosomal recessive disease caused by SETX mutations in 9q34 resulting in cerebellar ataxia in association with peripheral neuropathy, cerebellar atrophy on imaging, an elevated alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) serum level, and occasional oculomotor apraxia. OBJECTIVE To describe the clinical and(More)
The aim of the present study was to determine the sensitivity and the profile of motor evoked potentials (MEP) in patients with clinically isolated syndrome (CIS) suggestive of multiple sclerosis (MS). We measured the central motor conduction time (CMCT), amplitude ratio (AR), and surface ratio (SR) in tibialis anterior and first dorsal interosseous muscles(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE To provide a detailed phenotypical description of seronegative patients with generalized myasthenia gravis and antibodies to clustered acetylcholine receptors (AChRs) and to assess their frequency amongst a French seronegative generalized myasthenia gravis (SNMG) population. METHODS A French SNMG database was created and the sera(More)
In this study we report three patients with facial-onset sensory and motor neuronopathy (FOSMN), including the first female to be described. A fourth rather atypical case of a pyramidal syndrome with a fast rate of progression is also described. These cases raise the question as to whether upper motor neuron impairment is involved in FOSMN and whether there(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The 'snake eyes' sign refers to bilateral hyperintensities of the anterior horns on axial spinal cord imaging. Based on sporadic reports, it has been associated with a range of lower motor neuron (LMN) syndromes, such as spondylotic amyotrophy and Hirayama disease, as well as spinal cord infarction. The objective of our study was to(More)
Cap disease is a rare congenital myopathy associated with skeletal malformations and respiratory involvement. Abnormally arranged myofibrils taking the appearance of a "cap" are the morphological hallmark of this entity. We report a case of cap disease concerning a 42-year-old man, without any family history and presenting a p.Arg168His mutation on the TPM3(More)
Stiff person syndrome is a rare autoimmune disorder characterized by axial and limb progressive stiffness with surimposed spasms and production of autoantibodies to glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD). We report a case of a 50-year-old woman who developed a stiff person syndrome resistant to conventional immunosuppressive treatments. Eight months after(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the responses to treatment of patients with chronic sensory ataxic neuropathy associated with anti-GD1b IgM antibodies. METHODS Patients with chronic sensory ataxic neuropathy associated with anti-GD1b IgM antibodies followed in our department for at least 12 months between 2001 and 2008 were identified and studied retrospectively.(More)
OBJECT While occurrence of motor cortical reorganization has been clearly demonstrated in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), it is not yet clear whether this cortical reorganization constitutes a response to cortico-spinal lesions or to more diffuse damage affecting the neuronal network involved in motor act preparation, or both. We proposed to(More)
BACKGROUND To discuss the therapeutic approach for primary neurolymphomatosis. METHODS We report all primary neurolymphomatosis cases referred to our institution, with descriptions of clinical, radiological, electrophysiological, histological features and long-term follow-up. We treated all patients with a combination of high-dose methotrexate and(More)