Jerome E . Freier

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A recently colonized strain of Aedes atropalpus was shown to be equally susceptible to oral infection with La Crosse (LAC) virus as the natural vector, Aedes triseriatus. La Crosse virus was shown to replicate and persist at high titers in orally infected Ae. atropalpus. In addition, orally infected females transmitted virus efficiently to suckling mice by(More)
Transovarial transmission of all four dengue serotypes was demonstrated in Aedes albopictus mosquitoes. The rates of such transmission varied with the serotype and strain of virus. In general, the highest rates were observed with strains of dengue type 1 and the lowest with dengue type 3. Surprisingly, despite the use of viral strains of the four dengue(More)
Recent studies have indicated that epizootic Venezuelan equine encephalitis (VEE) viruses can evolve from enzootic, subtype ID strains that circulate continuously in lowland tropical forests (A. M. Powers, M. S. Oberste, A. C. Brault, R. Rico-Hesse, S. M. Schmura, J. F. Smith, W. Kang, W. P. Sweeney, and S. C. Weaver, J. Virol. 71:6697-6705, 1997). To(More)
Equine epizootics of Venezuelan equine encephalitis (VEE) occurred in the southern Mexican states of Chiapas in 1993 and Oaxaca in 1996. To assess the impact of continuing circulation of VEE virus (VEEV) on human and animal populations, serologic and viral isolation studies were conducted in 2000 to 2001 in Chiapas State. Human serosurveys and risk analyses(More)
Transmission of dengue type 1 was demonstrated for 3 strains of Aedes triseriatus mosquitoes after oral infection. Rates of infection were similar to those observed in a control strain of Aedes aegypti. Three additional species belonging to the subgenus Protomacleaya (Aedes brelandi, Aedes hendersoni, and Aedes zoosophus) were also susceptible to oral(More)
Anaplasma marginale Theiler is a tick-borne pathogen that causes anaplasmosis in cattle. There are approximately 20 tick species worldwide that are implicated as vectors of this pathogen. In the United States, Dermacentor andersoni Stiles and Dermacentor variabilis (Say) are the principal vectors. The risk of transmission of anaplasmosis to cattle has been(More)
Everglades virus (EVEV), an alphavirus in the Venezuelan equine encephalitis complex, circulates among rodents and vector mosquitoes in Florida and occasionally infects humans. It causes febrile disease, sometimes accompanied by neurologic manifestations. Although previous surveys showed high seroprevalence in humans, EVEV infections may be underdiagnosed(More)
During field studies of enzootic Venezuelan equine encephalitis (VEE) viruses associated with epizootic emergence, a large number of virus isolates were made in sylvatic foci of Venezuela and Colombia. To rapidly characterize these isolates, antigenic subtypes were determined by means of immunofluorescence and by single-strand conformational polymorphism(More)