Jerome A. Otto

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In the cynomolgus monkey, motoneurons innervating the levator palpebrae superioris muscle form a nucleus within the oculomotor nuclei called the central caudal nucleus. After double fluorescent neuronal retrograde tracing experiments, using fast blue and diamidino yellow as tracers in the levator palpebrae superior muscles, labelled motoneurons (30%) were(More)
Functionally and anatomically, the orbicularis oculi (OO) muscle can be subdivided in a pretarsal, a preseptal, and an orbital portion. In the rhesus monkey, fluorescent and neuronal retrograde tracing experiments were performed in the pretarsal or the orbital portion of the OO muscle, or both, using fast blue, diamidino yellow, and wheat germ(More)
Retrograde transport of wheat germ agglutinin-horseradish peroxidase (WGA-HRP) was used to study the localisation of neurons that innervate the lacrimal gland of the cynomolgous monkey. WGA-HRP-labelled neurons were localised in the ipsilateral trigeminal, superior cervical and ciliary ganglia and in the ipsilateral and contralateral pterygopalatine(More)
Retrograde fluorescent transport of Fast Blue (FB) and Diamidino Yellow (DY) was used to study the localisation of neurons that innervate the palpebral conjunctiva and the superior tarsal muscle in the cynomolgous monkey. Labelled cell bodies of sensory neurons including a few double labelled cell bodies were found in the ophthalmic part of the ipsilateral(More)
PURPOSE The retrograde transport of wheat germ agglutinin-horseradish peroxidase (WGA/HRP) was used to study the localization of the neurons that innervate the superior tarsal muscle in the cynomolgus monkey. METHODS A 5-10% WGA-HRP solution was applied to the medial part of the superior tarsal muscle. Seventy-two hours later, the animals were killed and(More)
Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and substance P (SP) immunoreactivity was examined in neurons of the monkey trigeminal ganglion. Moreover, CGRP- and SP-positive varicose nerve fibers were found, occasionally forming pericellular arborizations around trigeminal somata, which, at light microscopic level, suggested the existence of synaptic contacts.(More)
As a COBOL host, a computer architecture should efficiently execute those language constructs that are most frequently used in actual programs. However, when the language's control and data structures are at a far higher level than the control and data structures of the underlying machine, the compiler designer is faced with a large number of potential(More)
The direct and consensual accommodation of both eyes were determined by a modified coincidence refractometer. Young individuals with normal monocular and binocular vision revealed a close quantitative correspondence between the direct and the ipsi- and contralateral consensual accommodation. Experimental impairment of the function of the ciliary muscle by(More)
The immanent sense of optic orientation in space is related to the unchangeable line of principal visual direction and its collaterals. Therefore in patients with loss of central vision due to organic lesion the orientation in space is impaired as well. as a result of a vicious circle of indistinct vision, eccentric fixation and suppresion of foveal(More)
Objective determination of accommodation in 38 children with permanent central scotoma due to amblyopia on one side (with central and eccentric fixation) revealed: 1. The physiological adaptation of refraction for far and near distances did not serve its purpose. 2. There was either no or an irregular response on hyperopia, which was produced by placing(More)