Jerold S. Harmatz

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Relative activity factors (RAFs) and immunoquantified levels of cytochrome P450 (CYP) isoforms both have been proposed as scaling factors for the prediction of hepatic drug metabolism from studies using cDNA-expressed CYPs. However, a systematic comparison of the two approaches, including possible mechanisms underlying differences, is not available. In this(More)
The biotransformation of venlafaxine (VF) into its two major metabolites, O-desmethylvenlafaxine (ODV) and N-desmethylvenlafaxine (NDV) was studied in vitro with human liver microsomes and with microsomes containing individual human cytochromes from cDNA-transfected human lymphoblastoid cells. VF was coincubated with selective cytochrome P450 (CYP)(More)
Biotransformation of amitriptyline (AMI) to its demethylated product nortriptyline (NT) was studied in vitro with human liver microsomes from four different donors, preselected to reflect a range of metabolic rates. Reaction velocity versus substrate concentration was consistent with a sigmoid Vmax model. Vmax varied from 0.42 to 3.42 nmol/mg/min, Km from(More)
Sources of individual variation in plasma methylphenidate (MP) concentrations during usual clinical use are not established. This was evaluated in a series of patients receiving clinical treatment with MP. A single plasma MP concentration was determined in each of 273 children and adolescents ages 5 to 18 years (mean: 11.1 years) who were clinically good(More)
Volunteer male subjects received single 1.0 mg oral doses of alprazolam and of clonazepam on two occasions, during coadministration of 40 mg/day fluoxetine or of placebo. When the sequence of trials was placebo first and fluoxetine second, fluoxetine coadministration significantly prolonged alprazolam half-life (20 versus 17 hours) and reduced clearance (48(More)
The first-degree relatives of anorexia nervosa patients with current nonbipolar major depression had a higher rate of depression than the relatives of anorexic patients without current depression, whose rate was similar to that for relatives of normal control subjects.
The effect of Ginkgo biloba on the activity of CYP2C9, the isoform responsible for S-warfarin clearance, was assessed in 11 healthy volunteers who received single 100-mg doses of flurbiprofen, a probe substrate for CYP2C9. Subjects also received either a standardized G biloba leaf preparation (Ginkgold, 3 doses of 120 mg) or matching placebo in a(More)
Biotransformation of the imidazobenzodiazepine midazolam to its alpha-hydroxy and 4-hydroxy metabolites was studied in vitro using human liver microsomal preparations. Formation of alpha-hydroxy-midazolam was a high-affinity (Km = 3.3 mumol/L) Michaelis-Menten process coupled with substrate inhibition at high concentrations of midazolam. Formation of(More)
Interactions of midazolam and ketoconazole were studied in vivo and in vitro in rats. Ketoconazole (total dose of 15 mg/kg intraperitoneally) reduced clearance of intravenous midazolam (5 mg/kg) from 79 to 55 ml/min/kg (p < 0.05) and clearance of intragastric midazolam (15 mg/kg) from 1051 to 237 ml/min/kg (p < 0.05), increasing absolute bioavailability(More)
1 The onset and duration of action of benzodiazepines after single oral doses depend largely on absorption rate and extent of distribution, respectively. 2 The rate and extent of accumulation during multiple dosage depend on elimination half-life and clearance. A framework is proposed for classification of benzodiazepines according to elimination half-life.(More)