Jerold M Olefsky

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Recently, we have reported that the overexpression of a membrane-targeted phosphatidylinositol (PI) 3-kinase (p110CAAX) stimulated p70S6 kinase, Akt, glucose transport, and Ras activation in the absence of insulin but inhibited insulin-stimulated glycogen synthase activation and MAP kinase phosphorylation in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. To investigate the mechanism(More)
Numerous studies across several population groups have indicated that insulin resistance plays a central role in the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Moreover, this disorder is also strongly associated with other metabolic syndromes, including hypertension, dyslipidemias and polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). Recent advances have(More)
We evaluated the role of the G alpha-q (Galphaq) subunit of heterotrimeric G proteins in the insulin signaling pathway leading to GLUT4 translocation. We inhibited endogenous Galphaq function by single cell microinjection of anti-Galphaq/11 antibody or RGS2 protein (a GAP protein for Galphaq), followed by immunostaining to assess GLUT4 translocation in(More)
Insulin resistance is predominantly characterized by decreased insulin-stimulated glucose uptake into skeletal muscle. In the current study, we have assessed various aspects of the phosphatidylinositol (PI) 3-kinase pathway in skeletal muscle biopsies obtained from normal, obese nondiabetic, and type 2 diabetic subjects, before and after a 5-h insulin(More)
UNLABELLED We expressed the high affinity nerve growth factor receptor TrkA in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) fibroblasts to study nerve growth factor (NGF) trafficking and processing events following receptor-mediated ligand internalization in a nonneuronal and p75 minus cell line. These stable clonal cell lines express approximately 2.5 x 10(5) TrkA(More)
The American Journal of Physiology: Endocrinology alzd Metabolism (ISSN-0193-1849) is published monthly (two volumes a year) by the American Physiologi-Subscriptions from outside the United States are payable in U.S. currency or full equivalent. Subscriptions are accepted on a calendar-year basis only. Single Copies; Back Issues: When available, $12.00 each(More)
Recombinant human insulin-like growth factor I (hIGF-I) was reacted with azidobenzoyl hydroxysuccinimide to produce a mixture of photoactive hIGF-I derivatives. The mixture was purified by reversed-phase HPLC to yield three mono-substituted azidobenzoyl hIGF-Is. One of the derivatives was identified by amino acid sequencing as N epsilon B28-monoazidobenzoyl(More)
A nitrophenyl azide derivative of maltose, N-(4-azido-2-nitrophenyl)-maltosylamine (NAP-maltosylamine), was synthesized as a potential photoaffinity label for the hexose carrier of the rat adipocyte. This derivative inhibited 3-O-methylglucose uptake with a Ki of 1.3 mM in the dark, while that of maltose was 10.0 mM. Carbon-14-labeled maltose and(More)
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