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Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV) causes recurrent large outbreaks among humans and livestock. Although the virus is currently confined to the African continent and the Arabian Peninsula, there is a growing concern for RVFV incursions into countries with immunologically naïve populations. The RVFV structural glycoproteins Gn and Gc are preferred targets in the(More)
Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV) is a mosquito-transmitted Bunyavirus that causes high morbidity and mortality among ruminants and humans. The virus is endemic to the African continent and the Arabian Peninsula and continues to spread into new areas. The explosive nature of RVF outbreaks requires that vaccines provide swift protection after a single(More)
A ring trial was organized to evaluate Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV) ELISAs by European laboratories. A total of five ELISAs, two of which specific for IgM antibodies, were evaluated by six participants. Sera were derived from cattle or sheep and originated from either a RVFV endemic area, a RVFV-free area or from experimental infection studies. Cohen's(More)
Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV), an emerging arthropod-borne pathogen, has a broad host and cell tropism. Here we report that the glycosaminoglycan heparan sulfate, abundantly present on the surface of most animal cells, is required for efficient entry of RVFV. Entry was significantly reduced by preincubating the virus inoculum with highly sulfated heparin,(More)
Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV) is a mosquito-borne zoonotic bunyavirus of the genus Phlebovirus and a serious human and veterinary pathogen. RVFV contains a three-segmented RNA genome, which is comprised of the large (L), medium (M), and small (S) segments. The proteins that are essential for genome replication are encoded by the L and S segments, whereas(More)
Since its discovery in the 1930s, Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV) spread across the African continent and invaded the Arabian Peninsula and several islands off the coast of Southeast Africa. The virus causes recurrent outbreaks in these regions, and its continued spread is of global concern. Next-generation veterinary vaccines of improved efficacy and safety(More)
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus is a tick-borne bunyavirus of the Nairovirus genus that causes hemorrhagic fever in humans with high case fatality. Here, we report the development of subunit vaccines and their efficacy in signal transducer and activator of transcription 1 (STAT1) knockout mice. Ectodomains of the structural glycoproteins Gn and Gc(More)
A multiplex bead-based suspension array was developed that can be used for the simultaneous detection of antibodies against the surface glycoprotein Gn and the nucleocapsid protein N of Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV) in various animal species. The N protein and the purified ectodomain of the Gn protein were covalently linked to paramagnetic Luminex beads.(More)
The vaccine potential of the Neisseria meningitidis lactoferrin-binding proteins LbpA and LbpB was evaluated. Sequencing and sequence alignments suggested that LbpA is relatively well conserved with variability largely restricted to two surface-exposed loops in a proposed topology model. Consistently, antisera raised against synthetic peptides corresponding(More)
The meningococcal iron-limitation-inducible outer membrane protein FrpB (FetA) has been shown to induce bactericidal antibodies, and is, therefore, considered a vaccine candidate. However, these antibodies are strain specific and, consistently, epitope mapping showed that they are directed against a region, located in a surface-exposed loop, L5, that(More)