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OBJECTIVE Examine effects of insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1), transforming growth factor beta2 (TGFbeta2) and fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF2) on proteoglycan and collagen network and biomechanical properties of the newly formed cartilage matrix. METHODS Bovine articular chondrocytes were cultured in alginate beads for 3 weeks with or without FGF2,(More)
Dentine root caries is a process of demineralization and degradation of the organic matrix by proteinases. In this in situ study, the presence and activity of the matrix metalloproteinases 1, 2 and 9 (MMP-1, MMP-2, MMP-9) in saliva and in completely demineralized dentine specimens were investigated. Furthermore, the activity of cathepsin B was determined in(More)
Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) accumulate with age and at an accelerated rate in diabetes. AGEs bind cell-surface receptors including the receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE). The dependence of RAGE binding on specific biochemical characteristics of AGEs is currently unknown. Using standardized procedures and a variety of AGE(More)
The propensity of individual trabeculae to fracture (microfracture) may be important clinically since it could be indicative of bone fragility. Whether or not an overloaded trabecula fractures is determined in part by its structural ductility, a mechanical property that describes how much deformation a trabecula can sustain. The overall goal of this study(More)
During aging, non-enzymatic glycation results in the formation and accumulation of the advanced glycation endproduct pentosidine in long-lived proteins, such as articular cartilage collagen. In the present study, we investigated whether pentosidine accumulation also occurs in cartilage aggrecan. Furthermore, pentosidine levels in aggrecan subfractions of(More)
OBJECTIVE The prevalence of osteoarthritis (OAs) increases with age and coincides with the accumulation of advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs) in articular cartilage, suggesting that accumulation of glycation products may be involved in the development of OA. This study was designed to examine the effects of accumulation of AGEs on the turnover of the(More)
Collagen molecules in articular cartilage have an exceptionally long lifetime, which makes them susceptible to the accumulation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs). In fact, in comparison to other collagen-rich tissues, articular cartilage contains relatively high amounts of the AGE pentosidine. To test the hypothesis that this higher AGE accumulation(More)
The hallmark of fibrotic processes is an excessive accumulation of collagen. The deposited collagen shows an increase in pyridinoline cross-links, which are derived from hydroxylated lysine residues within the telopeptides. This change in cross-linking is related to irreversible accumulation of collagen in fibrotic tissues. The increase in pyridinoline(More)
Our aim was to correlate the activity of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) with denaturation and the turnover of collagen in normal and pathological human tendons. MMPs were extracted from ruptured supraspinatus tendons (n=10), macroscopically normal ("control") supraspinatus tendons (n=29) and normal short head of biceps brachii tendons (n=24). Enzyme(More)
OBJECTIVE To analyse the relation between systemic levels of pro-MMP-3, -8, and -9 matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activity in alpha(2) macroglobulin (alpha(2)M)/MMP complexes and the progression of joint destruction in patients with recent onset rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS 109 patients with RA of recent onset were entered into this longitudinal(More)