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Detecting communities in complex networks accurately is a prime challenge, preceding further analyses of network characteristics and dynamics. Until now, community detection took into account only positively valued links, while many actual networks also feature negative links. We extend an existing Potts model to incorporate negative links as well,(More)
Qualitative reasoning is traditionally associated with the domain of physics, although the domain of application is, in fact, much broader. This paper investigates the application of qualitative reasoning beyond the domain of physics. It presents a case study of application in the social sciences: the density dependence theory of organizational ecology. It(More)
Resource partitioning theory claims that " Increasing concentration enhances the life chances of specialist organizations. " We systematically think through this theory, specify implicit background assumptions, sharpen concepts, and rigorously check the theory's logic. As a result, we increase the theory's explanatory power, and claim— contrary to received(More)
Distribution of competition in organizational markets. Learning organizations in action-a system dynamics model of satisficing search with adaptive aspirations Computer simulation has had a long and established tradition in the social sciences. Unfortunately, research in this field has always been at the margin. Why? After all, computer simulations allow us(More)
" The Strength of Weak Ties " argument (Granovetter 1973) says that the most valuable information is best collected through bridging ties with other social circles than one's own, and that those ties tend to be weak. Aral and Van Alstyne (2011) added that to access complex information, actors need strong ties (" high bandwidth ") instead. These insights I(More)
Diffuse competition due to niche overlap between actors without (direct) ties with each other, constrains their structural autonomy. This is not dealt with in Burt's mathematical model of his well-known structural holes theory. We fix his model by introducing a network measure of niche overlap. In structural holes, the social structure of competition, Burt(More)