Jeroen A. J. Schmitt

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Animal and human studies have provided evidence for serotonergic modulation of cognitive processes. However, the exact nature of this relationship is not clear. We used the acute tryptophan depletion (ATD) method to investigate the effects of lowered serotonin synthesis on cognitive functions in 17 healthy young volunteers. The study was conducted according(More)
To gain more insight into the effect of low brain serotonin (5-HT) on brain activation related to conflict, the present study examined the effect of acute tryptophan depletion (ATD) on performance and the blood oxygen level dependent (BOLD) response during a combined cognitive and emotional Stroop task. Fifteen healthy female volunteers were tested during a(More)
Subchronic treatment with the selective serotonergic reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) fluoxetine, venlafaxine and paroxetine, but not sertraline, were previously shown to specifically impair vigilance performance. The current study was designed to compare the vigilance effects of subchronic treatment with the SSRIs sertraline and citalopram in healthy(More)
There is evidence for a specific impairment of human vigilance following enhancement of serotonergic activity by antidepressant drugs. In the present study, we investigated the putative role of serotonergic-dopaminergic interactions in diminished vigilance by comparing the attentional effects of sertraline, a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI)(More)
Acute tryptophan depletion (ATD) studies have shown that serotonin plays a role in learning and memory processes. In this study, we performed a pooled analysis of nine ATD studies in order to examine the nature of the memory-impairing effects of ATD and mediating factors, such as gender, age and vulnerability for disease in which disturbed serotonin was(More)
Depression is a common mental disorder with cognitive deficits, but little information is available on the effects of antidepressant treatment on driving performance in depressed patients. Assessing actual driving performance and cognition of depressed patients receiving long-term antidepressant treatment. Performance was assessed in depressed patients(More)
UNLABELLED Caffeine is thought to act as a central stimulant and to have effects on physical, cognitive, and psychomotor functioning. PURPOSE To examine the effects of ingesting a performance bar, containing caffeine, before and during cycling exercise on physical and cognitive performance. METHODS Twenty-four well-trained cyclists consumed the products(More)
Modulating central serotonergic function by acute tryptophan depletion (ATD) has provided the fundamental insights into which cognitive functions are influenced by serotonin. It may be expected that serotonergic stimulation by tryptophan (Trp) loading could evoke beneficial behavioural changes that mirror those of ATD. The current review examines the(More)
In separate experiments we investigated the duration of the effects of acute tryptophan depletion (ATD) on mood and cognition. The results showed that ATD's effects consist of lowering of mood only in subjects with a family history of unipolar depression. A specific impairment of memory consolidation was seen in all subjects. In subjects without any(More)
The current study was carried out to investigate the cognitive effects of two serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), sertraline and paroxetine, with special reference to differences in their affinity for other neurotransmitter systems, i.e. anticholinergic activity of paroxetine and putative dopamine reuptake activity of sertraline. The study was conducted(More)