Jero Vicente-Soler

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We have characterized an open reading frame of 2,454 bp on chromosome I of Schizosaccharomyces pombe as the gene encoding trehalose-6P phosphatase (tpp1(+)). Disruption of tpp1(+) caused in vivo accumulation of trehalose-6P upon heat shock and prevented cell growth at 37 to 40 degrees C. Accumulation of trehalose-6P in cells bearing a chromosomal disruption(More)
The response of derepressed cells of Schizosaccharomyces pombe to the addition of glucose included a marked and reversible activation of neutral trehalase that was not produced in repressed cells. The protein synthesis inhibitor cycloheximide, the protonophore 2,4-dinitrophenol or the uncoupler sodium azide also enhanced trehalase activity in derepressed(More)
Cells of Schizosaccharomyces pombe disrupted in the tps1+ gene, which encodes trehalose-6P synthase, were unable to increase trehalase activity in response to the addition of glucose or nitrogen source. Moreover, in contrast to normal cells, Deltatps1 cells did not increase trehalase activity by heat shock. Overexpression of tps1+ in cells devoid of(More)
Fission yeast mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) Pmk1p is involved in morphogenesis, cytokinesis, and ion homeostasis as part of the cell integrity pathway, and it becomes activated under multiple stresses, including hyper- or hypotonic conditions, glucose deprivation, cell wall-damaging compounds, and oxidative stress. The only protein phosphatase(More)
Exposure of cells of Schizosaccharomyces pombe to heat shock or osmotic upshift results in an increased level of neutral trehalase activity, which is responsible for hydrolysis of intracellular trehalose. We constructed S. pombe mutants lacking neutral trehalase activity by gene replacement at the newly defined ntp1+ locus. Analysis of these mutants(More)
In the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe the Wak1p/Win1p-Wis1p-Sty1p stress-activated protein kinase (SAPK) pathway relays environmental signals to the transcriptional machinery and modulates gene expression via a cascade of protein phosphorylation. Cells of S. pombe subjected to cold shock (transfer from 28 degrees C to 15 degrees C) transiently(More)
The fission yeast small GTPase Rho2 regulates morphogenesis and is an upstream activator of the cell integrity pathway, whose key element, mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) Pmk1, becomes activated by multiple environmental stimuli and controls several cellular functions. Here we demonstrate that farnesylated Rho2 becomes palmitoylated in vivo at(More)
Growth of Micromonospora chalcea on a defined medium containing laminarin as the sole carbon source induced the production of an extracellular enzyme system capable of lysing cells of various yeast species. Production of the lytic enzyme system was repressed by glucose. Incubation of sensitive cells with the active component enzymes of the lytic system(More)
One intriguing challenge in modern biology is to understand how cells respond to, and distinguish between different stressing stimuli. Evidence accumulated in recent years indicates that a network of signaling pathways extends from the plasma membrane to the very core of the cell nucleus to transduce environmental changes into a graded transcriptional(More)