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Cells of Schizosaccharomyces pombe disrupted in the tps1+ gene, which encodes trehalose-6P synthase, were unable to increase trehalase activity in response to the addition of glucose or nitrogen source. Moreover, in contrast to normal cells, Deltatps1 cells did not increase trehalase activity by heat shock. Overexpression of tps1+ in cells devoid of(More)
We have characterized an open reading frame of 2,454 bp on chromosome I of Schizosaccharomyces pombe as the gene encoding trehalose-6P phosphatase (tpp1(+)). Disruption of tpp1(+) caused in vivo accumulation of trehalose-6P upon heat shock and prevented cell growth at 37 to 40 degrees C. Accumulation of trehalose-6P in cells bearing a chromosomal disruption(More)
Fission yeast mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) Pmk1p is involved in morphogenesis, cytokinesis, and ion homeostasis as part of the cell integrity pathway, and it becomes activated under multiple stresses, including hyper- or hypotonic conditions, glucose deprivation, cell wall-damaging compounds, and oxidative stress. The only protein phosphatase(More)
Exposure of cells of Schizosaccharomyces pombe to heat shock or osmotic upshift results in an increased level of neutral trehalase activity, which is responsible for hydrolysis of intracellular trehalose. We constructed S. pombe mutants lacking neutral trehalase activity by gene replacement at the newly defined ntp1+ locus. Analysis of these mutants(More)
In the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe the Wak1p/Win1p-Wis1p-Sty1p stress-activated protein kinase (SAPK) pathway relays environmental signals to the transcriptional machinery and modulates gene expression via a cascade of protein phosphorylation. Cells of S. pombe subjected to cold shock (transfer from 28 degrees C to 15 degrees C) transiently(More)
The fission yeast small GTPase Rho2 regulates morphogenesis and is an upstream activator of the cell integrity pathway, whose key element, mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) Pmk1, becomes activated by multiple environmental stimuli and controls several cellular functions. Here we demonstrate that farnesylated Rho2 becomes palmitoylated in vivo at(More)
One intriguing challenge in modern biology is to understand how cells respond to, and distinguish between different stressing stimuli. Evidence accumulated in recent years indicates that a network of signaling pathways extends from the plasma membrane to the very core of the cell nucleus to transduce environmental changes into a graded transcriptional(More)
Heat sensitivity at 48 degrees C was determined in log-phase cultures of control and pka1-disrupted cells of the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe grown at 25 degrees C. Cells devoid of protein kinase A exhibited a considerable heat-shock resistance as compared to control cells. Addition of cAMP to control cells prompted a further decrease in(More)
Trehalase activity is markedly enhanced upon addition of glucose and a nitrogen source to cells of the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe. This increase corresponds to a post-translational activation of the enzyme, which is controlled by cAMP-dependent and cAMP-independent pathways. Recent work has shown that overexpression of SCK1 in Schiz. pombe is(More)