Jero Vicente-Soler

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Recent studies have shown that heat shock proteins and trehalose synthesis are important factors in the thermotolerance of the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe. We examined the effects of trehalose-6phosphate (trehalose-6P) synthase overexpression on resistance to several stresses in cells of S. pombe transformed with a plasmid bearing the tps1 gene,(More)
Cells of Schizosaccharomyces pombe disrupted in the tps1+ gene, which encodes trehalose-6P synthase, were unable to increase trehalase activity in response to the addition of glucose or nitrogen source. Moreover, in contrast to normal cells, Deltatps1 cells did not increase trehalase activity by heat shock. Overexpression of tps1+ in cells devoid of(More)
Fission yeast mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) Pmk1p is involved in morphogenesis, cytokinesis, and ion homeostasis as part of the cell integrity pathway, and it becomes activated under multiple stresses, including hyper- or hypotonic conditions, glucose deprivation, cell wall-damaging compounds, and oxidative stress. The only protein phosphatase(More)
We have characterized an open reading frame of 2,454 bp on chromosome I of Schizosaccharomyces pombe as the gene encoding trehalose-6P phosphatase (tpp1(+)). Disruption of tpp1(+) caused in vivo accumulation of trehalose-6P upon heat shock and prevented cell growth at 37 to 40 degrees C. Accumulation of trehalose-6P in cells bearing a chromosomal disruption(More)
Trehalase activity is markedly enhanced upon addition of glucose and a nitrogen source to cells of the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe. This increase corresponds to a post-translational activation of the enzyme, which is controlled by cAMP-dependent and cAMP-independent pathways. Recent work has shown that overexpression of SCK1 in Schiz. pombe is(More)
The response of derepressed cells of Schizosaccharomyces pombe to the addition of glucose included a marked and reversible activation of neutral trehalase that was not produced in repressed cells. The protein synthesis inhibitor cycloheximide, the protonophore 2,4-dinitrophenol or the uncoupler sodium azide also enhanced trehalase activity in derepressed(More)
Exposure of cells of Schizosaccharomyces pombe to heat shock or osmotic upshift results in an increased level of neutral trehalase activity, which is responsible for hydrolysis of intracellular trehalose. We constructed S. pombe mutants lacking neutral trehalase activity by gene replacement at the newly defined ntp1+ locus. Analysis of these mutants(More)
Addition of hydrogen peroxide, menadione, or plumbagin to growing cultures of the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe increased trehalase activity. The effect was inhibited only slightly in the presence of cycloheximide, indicating that the stimulation of trehalase triggered by oxidative stress is mostly due to posttranscriptional activation. Northern(More)
The Wis1p-Sty1p mitogen-activated protein kinase cascade is a major signalling system in the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe for a wide range of stress responses. It is known that trehalose functions as a protective metabolite to counteract deleterious effects of environmental stresses. Herein it is reported that the expression of genes related to(More)
We have cloned and sequenced the ntp1+ gene that codes for neutral trehalase in the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe. The ntp1+ gene product (Ntp1p) showed a 45-55% identity with neutral trehalases from other yeasts at the amino acid sequence level. However, in clear contrast to other neutral yeast trehalases so far characterized (which show two cAMP(More)