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The systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) in acute liver failure (ALF), in which infection is common, has not been studied. In this study, SIRS components were recorded on admission and during episodes of infection, in 887 ALF patients admitted to a single center during an 11-year period. Overall, 504 (56.8%) patients manifested a SIRS during their(More)
Neisseria gonorrhoeae is difficult to cultivate in liquid medium. Currently there are no liquid media, defined or undefined, that reliably permit growth of this bacterium from low inocula. Standard clinical laboratory broths may allow multiplication of some strains of gonococci from large inocula, but such media incorporate infusates, extracts or digests(More)
An open, randomized study was performed at 18 European centres to compare the efficacy, safety and tolerance of oral fluconazole with oral polyenes for the prophylaxis of fungal colonization and infection in adults at high risk of developing neutropenia. Five hundred and thirty-six hospitalized patients with malignant disease, about to receive chemotherapy,(More)
The efficacy of prophylactic parenteral antibacterials, with or without selective decontamination of the digestive tract, was compared in patients with acute liver failure (ALF) or severe acetaminophen hepatotoxicity. One hundred eight patients were randomized on admission to receive intravenous ceftazidime and flucloxacillin, plus either oral and enteral(More)
A prospective study of bacterial and fungal infections after liver transplantation in 284 adults was undertaken. One hundred seventy-five (62%) became infected; bacterial or fungal infections occurred in 159 (56%) and 36 (13%) patients, respectively. Gram-positive cocci, in particular Staphylococcus aureus and Enterococcus faecium, were the commonest(More)
OBJECTIVES To study the incidence, clinical presentation, management, complications and outcome of tuberculosis in pediatric liver transplant recipients. METHODS A retrospective review of the medical records of children who underwent liver transplantation between 1991 and 1998. RESULTS Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection occurred in 6 of 254 (2.4%)(More)
To compare the efficacy of a selective parenteral and enteral antimicrobial regimen in patients with fulminant liver failure, we classified 104 patients on reaching grade II encephalopathy as infected or non-infected. Patients who were infected were randomly assigned to receive IV cefuroxime (group 1) or selective parenteral and enteral antimicrobial(More)
The increase since the mid 1980s in glycopeptide resistant enterococci (GRE) raised concerns about the limited options for antimicrobial therapy, the implications for ever-increasing numbers of immunocompromised hospitalised patients, and fuelled fears, now realised, for the transfer of glycopeptide resistance to more pathogenic bacteria, such as(More)
Solid-organ transplant recipients are at risk from various infectious diseases, many of which can be prevented by immunizations that could reduce morbidity and mortality. However, it is not uncommon for children requiring transplantation to have received inadequate or no immunizations pre-transplant. Every effort should be made to immunize transplant(More)
BACKGROUND Several biomarkers of penetrating infections vs. rejection in liver transplant (LT) have been suggested; however, baseline values in paediatric LT recipients have not been studied. AIM We evaluated the baseline concentration of procalcitonin (PCT), C-reactive protein (CRP) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in a post-LT paediatric group. METHODS We(More)