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Aspects of people's identification with groups may be understood by borrowing theoretical ideas and measurement strategies from research on attachment in close relationships. People have mental models of the self as a group member and of groups as sources of identity and esteem. These models affect thoughts, emotions, and behaviors related to group(More)
We assessed the role of alpha-band oscillatory activity during a task-switching design that required participants to switch between an auditory and a visual task, while task-relevant audiovisual inputs were simultaneously presented. Instructional cues informed participants which task to perform on a given trial and we assessed alpha-band power in the short(More)
BACKGROUND Our objective was to evaluate 8 interpersonal and structural features of care as predictors of patients' voluntary disenrollment from their primary care physician's practice. METHODS We performed a longitudinal observational study in which participants completed a validated questionnaire at baseline (1996) and follow-up (1999). The(More)
This investigation was planned to assess the therapeutic efficacy of glucuronoxylomannan (GXM) in collagen-induced arthritis (CIA). GXM was isolated from culture filtrate of Cryptococcus neoformans var. gattii, serotype C. CIA was induced by the immunization of Dark Agouti rats with bovine type II collagen in incomplete Freund's adjuvant. GXM solution at(More)
BACKGROUND Our objective was to examine how patients of primary care physicians are responding to a changing health care environment. The quality of their relationship with their primary care physicians and their experience with organizational features of care were monitored over a 3-year period. METHODS This was a longitudinal observational study(More)
When attention is directed to one information stream over another, the brain can be configured in advance to selectively process the relevant stream and suppress potentially distracting inputs. One key mechanism of suppression is through the deployment of anticipatory alpha-band (~10 Hz) oscillatory activity, with greater alpha-band power observed in(More)
The VESPA (visual-evoked spread spectrum analysis) method estimates the impulse response of the visual system using a continuously varying stimulus. It has been used recently to address both basic cognitive and neurophysiologic questions as well as those surrounding clinical populations. Although the components of the average VESPA response are highly(More)
BACKGROUND We recently described an inherited coagulopathy arising in an inbred colony of WAG/RijYcb rats. The bleeding phenotype, demonstrated by both male and female rats, included periarticular hemorrhage, spontaneous bruising, prolonged bleeding from minor wounds and maternal peripartum deaths. Coagulation testing of affected rats revealed normal(More)
Cross-sectional follow-up data on 111 adolescents in a re-education residential facility were obtained in three domains--school, legal, and level of care--at 6, 12, 18, and 24 months postdischarge. Reports by community-based professionals on individual functioning were assessed on several criteria, the most stringent of which indicated successful outcomes(More)
We often face the challenge of simultaneously attending to multiple non-contiguous regions of space. There is ongoing debate as to how spatial attention is divided under these situations. Whereas, for several years, the predominant view was that humans could divide the attentional spotlight, several recent studies argue in favor of a unitary spotlight that(More)