Jeremy W Herzog

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Microbial protease-mediated disruption of the intestinal epithelium is a potential mechanism whereby a dysbiotic enteric microbiota can lead to disease. This mechanism was investigated using the colitogenic, protease-secreting enteric microbe Enterococcus faecalis. Caco-2 and T-84 epithelial cell monolayers and the mouse colonic epithelium were exposed to(More)
Appreciation of the role of the gut microbiome in regulating vertebrate metabolism has exploded recently. However, the effects of gut microbiota on skeletal growth and homeostasis have only recently begun to be explored. Here, we report that colonization of sexually mature germ-free (GF) mice with conventional specific pathogen-free (SPF) gut microbiota(More)
Cells that carry out wound healing must be able to perform catabolic as well as anabolic functions. As the tendon is a tissue rich in extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins, we hypothesized that cells which participate in tendon healing should be able to produce proteases that would allow the remodeling of such a tissue. To this end, we assessed the ability of(More)
UNLABELLED The mechanisms behind the development of hepatic encephalopathy (HE) are unclear, although hyperammonemia and systemic inflammation through gut dysbiosis have been proposed. The aim of this work was to define the individual contribution of hyperammonemia and systemic inflammation on neuroinflammation in cirrhosis using germ-free (GF) and(More)
Objectives:Rifaximin has clinical benefits in minimal hepatic encephalopathy (MHE) but the mechanism of action is unclear. The antibiotic-dependent and -independent effects of rifaximin need to be elucidated in the setting of MHE-associated microbiota. To assess the action of rifaximin on intestinal barrier, inflammatory milieu and ammonia generation(More)
Endoneurial fluid pressure (EFP) was measured in the facial nerve in rabbits and guinea pigs using a servo-controlled micropipette system. EFP in the tympanic segment was 5.3 +/- 1.2 cm H2O in rabbits and 4.1 +/- 0.9 and 4.2 +/- 0.9 cm H2O in the tympanic and mastoid segment respectively in guinea pigs, while EFP in the sciatic nerve was around 2 cm H2O.(More)
The immunological response of cattle exposed to moldy hay was examined by agar gel diffusion with standard farmer's lung hay antigens. A high incidence of precipitins against Micropolyspora faeni (60%) and moldy hay antigen (80%) was detected in exposed but apparently healthy cattle from a region with a high incidence of bovine farmer's lung. In comparison,(More)
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