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In interphase trophozoites of Giardia lamblia, separate populations of microtubules constitute the four parts of the mastigont apparatus: flagella, ventral disc, funis and median body. Antigenic differences between the tubules have been investigated by light and electron immunocytochemistry after labelling with two monoclonal antibodies to alpha-tubulin (YL(More)
Two methods are introduced for preparing plasma membranes from Giardia lamblia trophozoites. Isolated membranes were purified by centrifugation on either a sucrose step-gradient or a self-generated Percoll gradient, where they band at a density of approximately 1.04 g ml-1. In pure fractions, membranes formed vesicles or extensive sheets. Electron(More)
Merozoite surface antigen MSA-2 of the human parasite Plasmodium falciparum is being considered for the development of a malaria vaccine. The antigen is polymorphic, and specific monoclonal antibodies differentiate five serological variants of MSA-2 among 25 parasite isolates. The variants are grouped into two major serogroups, A and B. Genes encoding two(More)
Glycoproteins of the asexual blood stages of Plasmodium falciparum were labelled with radioactive glucosamine and analysed by two-dimensional electrophoresis. Four major glycoproteins were detected in all eight parasite isolates studied. Two of the glycoproteins, designated GP2 and GP4, were invariant among the isolates, while the other two GP1 and GP3 were(More)
A 46-53 kDa glycoprotein antigen of Plasmodium falciparum merozoites has been identified using a murine monoclonal antibody that inhibits infection of human erythrocytes in vitro. Immunofluorescence screening with the antibody of greater than 250 isolates of the parasite finds the inhibitory epitope expressed by only 18% of strains. The glycoprotein is(More)
We describe antigens of Plasmodium falciparum recognised by murine monoclonal antibodies which by immunofluorescence react with the rhoptry organelles of the extracellular merozoite stage. Immunoblotting shows that the antibodies recognise two major parasite antigens of Mr 82 and 65 kilodaltons (kDa). Immunoprecipitations from detergent extracts of(More)
The topographic distribution of common and variant epitopes on two divergent allelic forms of the 185-205K schizont glycoprotein of Plasmodium falciparum were studied by a two-site radioimmunoassay using monoclonal antibodies. Similarities in the conformation of the two molecules were apparent. On both antigens two distinct regions were mapped, each(More)
Steroid sulfatase is an enzyme which has an important role in the complex process of cell desquamation. The specific activity of this enzyme was found to be higher in the epithelium of the deep external auditory canal than in the epithelium of the superficial external canal. We speculate that this steroid sulfatase activity gradient is involved in the(More)
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