Jeremy Tavare

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Akt (also known as protein kinase B or PKB) comprises three closely related isoforms Akt1, Akt2 and Akt3 (or PKBα/β/γ respectively). We have a very good understanding of the mechanisms by which Akt isoforms are activated by growth factors and other extracellular stimuli as well as by oncogenic mutations in key upstream regulatory proteins including Ras,(More)
The PDZ-domain-containing sorting nexin 27 (SNX27) promotes recycling of internalized transmembrane proteins from endosomes to the plasma membrane by linking PDZ-dependent cargo recognition to retromer-mediated transport. Here, we employed quantitative proteomics of the SNX27 interactome and quantification of the surface proteome of SNX27- and(More)
Caspase-3 is a crucial component of the apoptotic machinery in many cell types. Here, we report the timescale of caspase-3 activation in single living cells undergoing apoptosis. This was achieved by measuring the extent of fluorescence resonance energy transfer within a recombinant substrate containing cyan fluorescent protein (CFP) linked by a short(More)
Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is the leading cause of renal failure in the world. It is characterized by albuminuria and abnormal glomerular function and is considered a hyperglycemic "microvascular" complication of diabetes, implying a primary defect in the endothelium. However, we have previously shown that human podocytes have robust responses to insulin. To(More)
Activation of effector caspases is considered to be the final step in many apoptosis pathways. We transfected HeLa cells with a recombinant caspase substrate composed of cyan and yellow fluorescent protein and a linker peptide containing the caspase cleavage sequence DEVD, and we examined the cleavage kinetics at the single-cell level by fluorescence(More)
Protein kinase B (Akt) plays a central role in cellular regulation, although many of the physiologically relevant substrates for the kinase remain to be identified. In this study, we have isolated a protein from primary epididymal adipocytes with an apparent molecular weight of 125,000. This protein exhibited immunoreactivity, in an insulin-dependent(More)
The leading causes of albuminuria and end-stage renal failure are secondary to abnormalities in the production or cellular action of insulin, including diabetes and hyperinsulinemic metabolic syndrome. The human glomerular podocyte is a critical cell for maintaining the filtration barrier of the kidney and preventing albuminuria. We have recently shown this(More)
ADP-ribosylation factors (ARFs) are small GTP-binding proteins that are regulators of vesicle trafficking in eukaryotic cells [1]. ARNO is a member of the family of guanine nucleotide exchange factors for ARFs which includes cytohesin-1 and GRP-1 [2] [3-5]. Members of this family contain a carboxy-terminal pleckstrin homology (PH) domain which, in the case(More)
Glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) is a conserved, multifunctional kinase that is constitutively active in resting cells, and inactivated through phosphorylation by protein kinase B (PKB). We have investigated the temporal and spatial control of GSK-3 phosphorylation during the cell cycle in mammalian cells. We show that GSK-3 is present along the length of(More)
Insulin-stimulated glucose uptake involves the recruitment of the glucose transporter 4 isoform (GLUT4) from an intracellular location to the plasma membrane of fat and muscle cells. Although the activation of the PI3-kinase/protein kinase B (PKB) pathway is central to this effect of insulin, the key substrates for PKB that are involved require(More)