Jeremy Stober

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The chlorinated acetaldehydes, chloral hydrate (CH) and 2-chloroacetaldehyde (CAA), have been identified as chlorination by-products in finished drinking water supplies. Although both chemicals are genotoxic, their potential for carcinogenicity had not been adequately explored. The studies reported here are chronic bioassays conducted with male B6C3F1 mice(More)
Doses of acrylamide ranging from 12.5 to 50 mg/kg were administered orally to female ICR-Swiss mice over 3 days for each of 2 weeks (total doses of 75, 150 and 300 mg/kg). Two weeks later some of the animals were started on a promotion schedule involving the application of 2.5 micrograms TPA/mouse 3 times weekly. Development of tumors was observed weekly in(More)
Groups of male B6C3F1 mice (N = 50) were provided drinking water containing 2 g/liter sodium chloride (control) and 0.05, 0.5, and 5 g/liter dichloroacetic acid (DCA). Treatment of 30 animals in each group was carried out to 60 or 75 weeks. In a separate experiment, mice exposed to 3.5 g/liter DCA and the corresponding acetic acid control group were killed(More)
Several reports have suggested that soluble nickel salts may affect development. In this study female Long-Evans rats drank nickel chloride solutions (0, 10, 50, or 250 ppm Ni) for 11 weeks prior to mating and then during two successive gestation (G1, G2) and lactation (L1, L2) periods. Pups were observed until weaning; breeder males were unexposed. Dams(More)
Chemical oxidants are commonly added during water treatment for disinfection purposes. These chemicals have not been tested previously for their ability to induce genetic damage in vivo. Chlorine (hypochlorite and hypochlorous acid), monochloramine, chlorine dioxide, sodium chlorite, and sodium chlorate were evaluated for induction of chromosomal(More)
Acrylamide structurally resembles vinyl carbamate, a proposed proximate carcinogenic form of ethyl carbamate. To test the hypothesis that acrylamide should possess carcinogenic properties, it was tested in the Salmonella-microsome assay for point mutation, as a skin tumor initiator in the Sencar mouse, and for its ability to induce lung adenomas in the A/J(More)
Dichloroacetic acid (DCA) is a principal by-product of the chlorine disinfection of water containing humic and fulvic acids, and is also a drug of interest in the therapeutic management of metabolic disorders. The developmental effects of DCA were evaluated in the pregnant Long-Evans rat. In two separate studies, animals were dosed by oral intubation on(More)
Male and female Sprague-Dawley rats were administered drinking water containing 300, 600, 1200, or 2400 mg/L chloral hydrate for 90 days. A control group received distilled water only. No animals died during the study and no differences were observed in body weight gain or food and water consumption, except for males at the highest-dose level. Minor(More)
Trichloroacetic acid (TCA) is a by-product of the chlorine disinfection of water containing natural organic material. It is detectable in finished drinking water at levels comparable to the trihalomethanes (30-160 micrograms/L). TCA is also formed in vivo after ingestion of hypochlorite and has been identified as a major metabolite of chlorinated(More)
This study was undertaken to determine the ability of a series of 19 compounds representing different chemical classes of carcinogens to induce lung tumors in strain A/J mice after either ip or po administration. Aflatoxin B1, dibutylnitrosamine, 1,2-dimethylhydrazine, and methylnitrosourea induced a significant increase in the lung tumor response in both(More)