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Calorie restriction extends lifespan and produces a metabolic profile desirable for treating diseases of ageing such as type 2 diabetes. SIRT1, an NAD+-dependent deacetylase, is a principal modulator of pathways downstream of calorie restriction that produce beneficial effects on glucose homeostasis and insulin sensitivity. Resveratrol, a polyphenolic SIRT1(More)
A molecule that treats multiple age-related diseases would have a major impact on global health and economics. The SIRT1 deacetylase has drawn attention in this regard as a target for drug design. Yet controversy exists around the mechanism of sirtuin-activating compounds (STACs). We found that specific hydrophobic motifs found in SIRT1 substrates such as(More)
SIRT1 is an NAD(+)-dependent protein deacetylase that appears to produce beneficial effects on metabolic parameters such as glucose and insulin homeostasis. Activation of SIRT1 by resveratrol (1) has been shown to modulate insulin resistance, increase mitochondrial content and prolong survival in lower organisms and in mice on a high fat diet. Herein, we(More)
SIRT1, the founding member of the mammalian family of seven NAD(+)-dependent sirtuins, is composed of 747 amino acids forming a catalytic domain and extended N- and C-terminal regions. We report the design and characterization of an engineered human SIRT1 construct (mini-hSIRT1) containing the minimal structural elements required for lysine deacetylation(More)
A series of imidazo[1,2-b]thiazole derivatives is shown to activate the NAD(+)-dependent deacetylase SIRT1, a potential new therapeutic target to treat various metabolic disorders. This series of compounds was derived from a high throughput screening hit bearing an oxazolopyridine core. Water-solubilizing groups could be installed conveniently at either the(More)
The sirtuins SIRT1, SIRT2, and SIRT3 are NAD(+) dependent deacetylases that are considered potential targets for metabolic, inflammatory, oncologic, and neurodegenerative disorders. Encoded library technology (ELT) was used to affinity screen a 1.2 million heterocycle enriched library of DNA encoded small molecules, which identified pan-inhibitors of(More)
SIRT1 is an NAD (+) -dependent deacetylase that counteracts multiple disease states associated with aging and may underlie some of the health benefits of calorie restriction. Understanding how SIRT1 is regulated in vivo could therefore lead to new strategies to treat age-related diseases. SIRT1 forms a stable complex with DBC1, an endogenous inhibitor.(More)
A series of 14-, 15-, and 16-membered nickel(II) cyclidene macrocycles appended with 2-aminoethyl(2-pyridine) receptors I-III, respectively, were prepared and characterized by X-ray crystallography and NMR techniques. The 14- and 15-membered macrocycles I and II exist in a planar or extended Z-configuration, whereas the 16-membered macrocycle III was saddle(More)
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