Jeremy Russell-Smith

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Savanna ecosystems comprise 22% of the global terrestrial surface and 25% of Australia (almost 1.9 million km2) and provide significant ecosystem services through carbon and water cycles and the maintenance of biodiversity. The current structure, composition and distribution of Australian savannas have coevolved with fire, yet remain driven by the dynamic(More)
[1] Current good practice guidelines for national greenhouse gas inventories requires that seasonal variation in emission factors from savanna fires be considered when compiling national accounts. African studies concluded that the emission factor for methane decreases during the dry season principally due to curing of the fuels. However, available data(More)
Ecologists have long sought to understand the factors controlling the structure of savanna vegetation. Using data from 2154 sites in savannas across Africa, Australia, and South America, we found that increasing moisture availability drives increases in fire and tree basal area, whereas fire reduces tree basal area. However, among continents, the magnitude(More)
Carbon finance offers the potential to change land management and conservation planning priorities. We develop a novel approach to planning for improved land management to conserve biodiversity while utilizing potential revenue from carbon biosequestration. We apply our approach in northern Australia's tropical savanna, a region of global significance for(More)
• The paper provides a northern Australia savanna case study for assessing: first, differences (and similarities) between fire regimes operating under pre-contact traditional Aboriginal custodianship, and today under contemporary patterns of savanna landuse; and second, implications of such change(s) for biodiversity and ecological processes in northern(More)
Carbon markets afford potentially useful opportunities for supporting socially and environmentally sustainable land management programs but, to date, have been little applied in globally significant fire-prone savanna settings. While fire is intrinsic to regulating the composition, structure and dynamics of savanna systems, in north Australian savannas(More)
The algorithm to calculate Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions from savanna fires relies upon a number of variables from the classification of satellite based optical imagery. The algorithm variables require continued refinement. Fire severity mapping will increase the accuracy of the spatial distribution of fuel consumed. Fire severity is the post-fire effect(More)
Statement of Authorship: " I declare that this thesis my own work and has not been submitted in any form for any other degree or diploma at any university or other institute of tertiary education. Information derived from the published and unpublished work of others has been acknowledged in the text and list of references. " Acknowledgements: Many thanks to(More)
The views and opinions expressed in this publication are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of the Australian Government or the Minister for the Environment and Heritage. While reasonable efforts have been made to ensure that the contents of this publication are factually correct, the Commonwealth does not accept responsibility for(More)
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