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Mere effort and stereotype threat performance effects.
Although the fact that stereotype threat impacts performance is well established, the underlying process(es) is(are) not clear. Recently, T. Schmader and M. Johns (2003) argued for a working memoryExpand
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Turning the knots in your stomach into bows: Reappraising arousal improves performance on the GRE.
This research examined the benefits of interpreting physiological arousal as a challenge response on practice and actual Graduate Record Examination (GRE) scores. Participants who were preparing toExpand
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Need Threat Can Motivate Performance After Ostracism
Ostracism threatens fundamental needs of belonging, self-esteem, control, and meaningful existence, which should motivate participants to respond to this threat. However, research has yet to examineExpand
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Improving Acute Stress Responses
Contrary to lay beliefs, physiological changes that co-occur with stress are not necessarily bad. Much can be done during stressful experiences to promote adaptive responses. In this article, weExpand
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Mind over matter: reappraising arousal improves cardiovascular and cognitive responses to stress.
Researchers have theorized that changing the way we think about our bodily responses can improve our physiological and cognitive reactions to stressful events. However, the underlying processesExpand
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Changing the Conceptualization of Stress in Social Anxiety Disorder
Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is a pervasive problem associated with debilitating impairments in social settings. This research explored the affective and physiological reactions to social evaluationExpand
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The Effect of Stereotype Threat on the Solving of Quantitative GRE Problems: A Mere Effort Interpretation
The mere effort account argues that stereotype threat motivates participants to want to perform well, which potentiates prepotent responses. If the prepotent response is correct, performance isExpand
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Distinguishing between the effects of stereotype priming and stereotype threat on math performance
Stereotype threat and stereotype priming have both been shown to impair test performance. Although research suggests threat-based concerns distinguish the experience of threat from priming (Marx &Expand
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Experiencing Discrimination Increases Risk Taking
Prior research has revealed racial disparities in health outcomes and health-compromising behaviors, such as smoking and drug abuse. It has been suggested that discrimination contributes to suchExpand
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Reappraising Stress Arousal Improves Performance and Reduces Evaluation Anxiety in Classroom Exam Situations
For students to thrive in the U.S. educational system, they must successfully cope with omnipresent demands of exams. Nearly all students experience testing situations as stressful, and signs ofExpand
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