Jeremy O Richardson

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The proliferation of Theileria annulata macroschizont-infected cell lines in vitro was significantly inhibited by nitric oxide (NO) generated by S-nitroso-N-acetyl-DL-penicillamine (SNAP). Incubation with SNAP caused the macroschizonts to disappear and host cells to become apoptotic. SNAP-derived NO also significantly inhibited the incorporation of(More)
We demonstrate that the ring-polymer molecular dynamics (RPMD) method is equivalent to an automated and approximate implementation of the "Im F" version of semiclassical instanton theory when used to calculate reaction rates in the deep-tunneling regime. This explains why the RPMD method is often reliable in this regime and also shows how it can be(More)
We investigate the ability of the recently developed ring-polymer instanton (RPI) method [J. O. Richardson and S. C. Althorpe, J. Chem. Phys. 134, 054109 (2011)] to treat tunneling in water clusters. We show that the RPI method is easy to extend to treat tunneling between more than two minima, using elementary graph theory. Tests of the method on water(More)
The nature of the intermolecular forces between water molecules is the same in small hydrogen-bonded clusters as in the bulk. The rotational spectra of the clusters therefore give insight into the intermolecular forces present in liquid water and ice. The water hexamer is the smallest water cluster to support low-energy structures with branched(More)
We take the golden-rule instanton method derived in the previous paper [J. O. Richardson, R. Bauer, and M. Thoss, J. Chem. Phys. 143, 134115 (2015)] and reformulate it using a ring-polymer instanton approach. This gives equations which can be used to compute the rates of electron-transfer reactions in the nonadiabatic (golden-rule) limit numerically within(More)
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Instanton rate theory is used to study tunneling events in a wide range of systems including low-temperature chemical reactions. Despite many successful applications, the method has never been obtained from first principles, relying instead on the "Im F" premise. In this paper, the same expression for the rate of barrier penetration at finite temperature is(More)
Quantum effects play a crucial role in chemical reactions involving light atoms at low temperatures, especially when a light particle is exchanged between two heavier partners. Different theoretical methodologies have been developed in the last decades attempting to describe zero-point energy and tunneling effects without abandoning a classical or(More)