Jeremy O Richardson

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The proliferation of Theileria annulata macroschizont-infected cell lines in vitro was significantly inhibited by nitric oxide (NO) generated by S-nitroso-N-acetyl-DL-penicillamine (SNAP). Incubation with SNAP caused the macroschizonts to disappear and host cells to become apoptotic. SNAP-derived NO also significantly inhibited the incorporation of(More)
We demonstrate that the ring-polymer molecular dynamics (RPMD) method is equivalent to an automated and approximate implementation of the "Im F" version of semiclassical instanton theory when used to calculate reaction rates in the deep-tunneling regime. This explains why the RPMD method is often reliable in this regime and also shows how it can be(More)
We investigate the ability of the recently developed ring-polymer instanton (RPI) method [J. O. Richardson and S. C. Althorpe, J. Chem. Phys. 134, 054109 (2011)] to treat tunneling in water clusters. We show that the RPI method is easy to extend to treat tunneling between more than two minima, using elementary graph theory. Tests of the method on water(More)
The nature of the intermolecular forces between water molecules is the same in small hydrogen-bonded clusters as in the bulk. The rotational spectra of the clusters therefore give insight into the intermolecular forces present in liquid water and ice. The water hexamer is the smallest water cluster to support low-energy structures with branched(More)
Semiclassical instanton theory is used to study the quantum effects of tunnelling and delocalization in molecular systems. An analysis of the approximations involved in the method is presented based on a recent first-principles derivation of instanton rate theory [J. Chem. Phys., 2016, 144, 114106]. It is known that the standard instanton method is unable(More)
We report a combined theoretical and experimental study of the water octamer-h16. The calculations used the ring-polymer instanton method to compute tunnelling paths and splittings in full dimensionality. The experiments measured extensive high resolution spectra near 1.4 THz, for which isotope dilution experiments and group theoretical analysis support(More)
There is currently much interest in the development of improved trajectory-based methods for the simulation of nonadiabatic processes in complex systems. An important goal for such methods is the accurate calculation of the rate constant over a wide range of electronic coupling strengths and it is often the nonadiabatic, weak-coupling limit, which being far(More)
Quantum effects play a crucial role in chemical reactions involving light atoms at low temperatures, especially when a light particle is exchanged between two heavier partners. Different theoretical methodologies have been developed in the last decades attempting to describe zero-point energy and tunneling effects without abandoning a classical or(More)
Instanton rate theory is used to study tunneling events in a wide range of systems including low-temperature chemical reactions. Despite many successful applications, the method has never been obtained from first principles, relying instead on the "Im F" premise. In this paper, the same expression for the rate of barrier penetration at finite temperature is(More)