Jeremy M. Tavaré

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ADP-ribosylation factors (ARFs) are small GTP-binding proteins that are regulators of vesicle trafficking in eukaryotic cells [1]. ARNO is a member of the family of guanine nucleotide exchange factors for ARFs which includes cytohesin-1 and GRP-1 [2] [3-5]. Members of this family contain a carboxy-terminal pleckstrin homology (PH) domain which, in the case(More)
The Na(+),glutamate cotransporter EAAT2 is expressed in astrocytes and clears glutamate from the synaptic cleft. EAAT2 dependent currrent is stimulated by the serum and glucocorticoid inducible kinase SGK1. Phosphorylation targets of SGK1 include the human phosphatidylinositol-3-phosphate-5-kinase PIKfyve (PIP5K3). Nothing is known, however, on the role of(More)
OBJECTIVE Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) of BMI are mostly undertaken under the assumption that "kg/m(2) " is an index of weight fully adjusted for height, but in general this is not true. The aim here was to assess the contribution of common genetic variation to a adjusted version of that phenotype which appropriately accounts for covariation in(More)
Microalbuminuria is significant both as the earliest stage of diabetic nephropathy and as an independent cardiovascular risk factor in nondiabetic subjects, in whom it is associated with insulin resistance. The link between disorders of cellular insulin metabolism and albuminuria has been elusive. Here, we report using novel conditionally immortalized human(More)
BACKGROUND The activity of the protein kinase Akt is frequently dysregulated in cancer and is an important factor in the growth and survival of tumour cells. Akt activation involves the phosphorylation of two residues: threonine 308 (Thr308) in the activation loop and serine 473 (Ser473) in the C-terminal hydrophobic motif. Phosphorylation of Ser473 has(More)
The excitatory amino-acid transporter EAAT4 (SLC1A6), a Na(+),glutamate cotransporter expressed mainly in Purkinje cells, serves to clear glutamate from the synaptic cleft. EAAT4 activity is stimulated by the serum and glucocorticoid inducible kinase SGK1. SGK1-dependent regulation of the Na(+),glucose transporter SGLT1 (SLC5A1) and the creatine transporter(More)
We previously showed that the serum- and glucocorticoid-inducible kinase 3 (SGK3) increases the AMPA-type glutamate receptor GluA1 protein in the plasma membrane. The activation of AMPA receptors by NMDA-type glutamate receptors eventually leads to postsynaptic neuronal plasticity. Here, we show that SGK3 mRNA is upregulated in the hippocampus of new-born(More)
The Forkhead box transcription factor FoxO1 regulates metabolic gene expression in mammals. FoxO1 activity is tightly controlled by phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) signaling, resulting in its phosphorylation and nuclear exclusion. We sought here to determine the mechanisms involved in glucose and insulin-stimulated nuclear shuttling of FoxO1 in(More)
BACKGROUND Studies of the mechanisms by which signals are transmitted from receptor tyrosine kinases would be facilitated by a way of monitoring events at the single-cell level. We have explored how luciferase imaging can be used to examine the role of specific signalling pathways in insulin-stimulated gene expression. The analysis of luciferase expression(More)
Understanding the mechanism of action of the neurotrophic factors is central to unravelling of the mysteries of some of the neurodegenerative disorders. In this review we will discuss recent advances in our understanding of neurotrophic factor signalling in primary cultured neurons, in particular those from the superior cervical and dorsal root ganglia, as(More)