Jeremy M A Beer

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Results from two experiments suggest that stereotype-threat effects are special cases of a more general process involving the need to maintain or enhance status. We hypothesized that situations capable of confirming a performance stereotype might represent either a threat to status or an opportunity for enhancement of status, depending on the nature of the(More)
PURPOSE Photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) may be an alternative to spectacle and contact lens wear for United States Air Force (USAF) aircrew and may offer some distinct advantages in operational situations. However, any residual corneal haze or scar formation from PRK could exacerbate the disabling effects of a bright glare source on a complex visual task.(More)
This study tested effects of gaze--movement angle and extraretinal eye movement information on performance in a locomotion control task. Subjects hovered in a virtual scene to maintain position against optically simulated gusts. Gaze angle was manipulated by varying the simulated camera pitch orientation. Availability of extraretinal information was(More)
INTRODUCTION Effects of exposure to hyperoxia (PiO2 > 105 mmHg), normoxia (PiO2 95-105 mmHg) and hypoxia (PiO2 < 95 mmHg) on simple and choice reaction performance tasks were evaluated. METHODS Ten subjects performed simple and choice reaction time tests (SRT and CRT, respectively) at ground level for 40 min (20 min normoxic, 20 min hyperoxic, randomly(More)
BACKGROUND Hypoxia continues to present risks in military aviation. Hypoxia symptoms include sensory and cognitive effects; of these, it is important to identify which components of operator performance are most vulnerable to hypoxia-induced decline in order to determine which sensory modality is most effective for alerting an impaired aviator of an(More)
INTRODUCTION Experiments measured the effects of laser glare on visual orientation and motion perception. Laser stimuli were varied according to spectral composition and temporal presentation as subjects identified targets' tilt (Experiment 1) and movement (Experiment 2). The objective was to determine whether the glare parameters would alter visual(More)
INTRODUCTION Experiments measured the optokinetic cervical reflex (OKCR), wherein the banking pilot aligns the head with the horizon. In a synthetic cockpit, the flight display was manipulated to test whether changing the visual reference frame would alter OKCR. METHODS Eight subjects (five rated pilots) flew a route in simulated visual meteorological(More)
INTRODUCTION A recent U-2 fatigue study, in which 10 subjects completed 2 simulated long-duration missions breathing either 100% oxygen or air in a hypobaric chamber, offered an opportunity to compare subjects' pulmonary function before and after remaining seated in a confined cockpit for 12 h. METHODS In one U-2 mission configuration, the subject wore a(More)
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