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Painful diabetic neuropathy is one of the most common complications of insulin-dependent diabetes in man. Conflicting results have been obtained in experimentally diabetic animals subjected to pain stimuli. This work aimed to systematically study the response of rats made diabetic (hyperglycemia > or = 14 mM) by injection of streptozocin (STZ) (75 mg/kg,(More)
The streptozocin-induced diabetic rat has been put forward as a model of chronic pain with signs of hyperalgesia and allodynia that may reflect signs observed in diabetic humans. The aim of this work was to assess, in streptozocin-induced diabetic rats, the pharmacological activity to several analgesic drugs known to be effective (clomipramine,(More)
The present study was designed to investigate which subtypes of spinal 5-HT receptors are involved in 5-HT-induced antinociception using the mechanical pain test. Serotonin and various selective antagonists or agonists for 5-HT receptor subtypes (5-HT(1A), 5-HT(1B), 5-HT(2A), 5-HT(2C), 5-HT(3) and 5-HT(4)) were administered intrathecally (i.t.) in rats. The(More)
The effect of a non-peptide NK1 receptor antagonist, RP-67580, and of its enantiomer, RP-68651, on nociceptive thresholds in normal and streptozocin-induced diabetic rats submitted to paw pressure is reported. RP-67580 (1, 3, 9 mg/kg s.c.) dose dependently reduced the diabetes-induced mechanical hyperalgesia observed 4 weeks after induction of diabetes. In(More)
A similar pattern of psychosexual disorders has been observed after long-term treatment with levodopa therapy in four male parkinsonian patients treated with apomorphine for severe on-off motor fluctuations. An acute episode in each case had led them to the hospital in the context of a psychiatric emergency (after punishable sexual acts in two cases). In(More)
Painful neuropathy is common in human diabetes. In rats, experimental diabetes results in altered pain sensitivity. We examined the effect of chronic insulin treatment on diabetes-induced hyperalgesia in streptozocin diabetic rats. A 20-week period of diabetes resulted in a 62% decrease in paw withdrawal thresholds compared with age-matched normal rats.(More)
The involvement of serotonin (5-HT) in the modulation of nociceptive impulse in the spinal cord has been widely studied. However, its activity, considering the nature of noxious stimuli and the type of 5-HT receptors involved, merits to be further elucidated. The present behavioural study was performed to compare the dose-antinociceptive effect relationship(More)
The effect of clomipramine (CMI), a tricyclic antidepressant, was studied on an acute inflammatory pain model in an attempt to understand its potential antinociceptive activity, the involvement of a central and/or peripheral component and its influence on the inflammatory process. When administered (i.v.) before the inflammatory agent, carrageenan (CAR),(More)
We tested the antinociceptive effect of intrathecal (i.t.) administration of 5-HT3 and the 5-HT3 receptor agonist, 1-(m-chlorophenyl)-biguanide (mCPBG), in rats submitted to a mechanical noxious stimulus and the influence of the 5-HT3 receptor selective antagonists, tropisetron and granisetron. Both 5-HT and mCPBG (0.01, 0.1, 1, 10, 20 micrograms/rat)(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the changes of the nociceptive thresholds in response to an acute mechanical stimulus (paw pressure) in magnesium (Mg)-deficient rats, and the involvement of the NMDA receptor in these changes. Changes in vocalization thresholds was determined after 7 days of feeding with a Mg-depleted diet. Compared with the control(More)