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Previous studies have shown that administration of nicotinamide (Vitamin B(3)) in animal models of traumatic brain injury (TBI) and ischemia significantly reduced the size of infarction or injury and improved functional recovery. The present study evaluated the ability of nicotinamide to provide acute neuroprotection and edema reduction following TBI.(More)
This study examined the ability of nicotinamide (vitamin B3) to improve functional outcome in a dose-dependent manner following fluid percussion injury (FPI). Injured (duration of unconsciousness mean = 85.8 sec; apnea = 9.9 sec), rats were administered nicotinamide (500 or 50 mg/kg; ip) or saline at 15 min and 24 h. Serum analysis of nicotinamide(More)
It has previously been shown that small peptide molecules derived from the apolipoprotein E (ApoE) receptor binding region are anti-inflammatory in nature and can improve outcome following head injury. The present study evaluated the preclinical efficacy of COG1410, a small molecule ApoE-mimetic peptide (1410 daltons), following cortical contusion injury(More)
Recent studies have demonstrated nicotinamide (NAM), a soluble B-group vitamin, to be an effective treatment in experimental models of traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, research on this compound has been limited to administration regimens starting shortly after injury. This study was conducted to establish the window of opportunity for NAM(More)
Previously, we have shown that the window of opportunity for nicotinamide (NAM) therapy (50 mg/kg) following cortical contusion injuries (CCI) extended to 4-8 hrs post-CCI when administered over a six day post-CCI interval. The purpose of the present study was to determine if a more chronic NAM treatment protocol administered following CCI would extend the(More)
The present study attempted to determine if those children with significant psychopathology were referred to mental health services after having initially been referred to the fire department. On file at the Portland Fire Department were 30 child firesetters whose parent or guardian had completed the Child Behavior Checklist. The CBCL had not been scored(More)
Immunization of C57BL/6 mice with AChR provokes symptoms similar to those seen in the disease myasthenia gravis. To elucidate the structural requirements for T cell recognition of AChR and to identify TcR features which might provide targets for immunotherapy, a panel of T cell hybridomas was generated after immunization of mice with the immunodominant(More)
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