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Discovering the unintended 'off-targets' that predict adverse drug reactions is daunting by empirical methods alone. Drugs can act on several protein targets, some of which can be unrelated by conventional molecular metrics, and hundreds of proteins have been implicated in side effects. Here we use a computational strategy to predict the activity of 656(More)
Arabidopsis thaliana is an important model system for plant biologists. In 1996 an international collaboration (the Arabidopsis Genome Initiative) was formed to sequence the whole genome of Arabidopsis and in 1999 the sequence of the first two chromosomes was reported. The sequence of the last three chromosomes and an analysis of the whole genome are(More)
Target identification is a critical step following the discovery of small molecules that elicit a biological phenotype. The present work seeks to provide an in silico correlate of experimental target fishing technologies in order to rapidly fish out potential targets for compounds on the basis of chemical structure alone. A multiple-category(More)
The genome of the flowering plant Arabidopsis thaliana has five chromosomes. Here we report the sequence of the largest, chromosome 1, in two contigs of around 14.2 and 14.6 megabases. The contigs extend from the telomeres to the centromeric borders, regions rich in transposons, retrotransposons and repetitive elements such as the 180-base-pair repeat. The(More)
Preclinical Safety Pharmacology (PSP) attempts to anticipate adverse drug reactions (ADRs) during early phases of drug discovery by testing compounds in simple, in vitro binding assays (that is, preclinical profiling). The selection of PSP targets is based largely on circumstantial evidence of their contribution to known clinical ADRs, inferred from(More)
The results of previous preclinical and clinical studies have identified angiogenin (ANG) as a potentially important target for anticancer therapy. Here we report the design and implementation of a high-throughput screening assay to identify small molecules that bind to the ribonucleolytic active site of ANG, which is critically involved in the induction of(More)
A primary goal of 3D similarity searching is to find compounds with similar bioactivity to a reference ligand but with different chemotypes, i.e., "scaffold hopping". However, an adequate description of chemical structures in 3D conformational space is difficult due to the high-dimensionality of the problem. We present an automated method that simplifies(More)
Conventional similarity searching of molecules compares single (or multiple) active query structures to each other in a relative framework, by means of a structural descriptor and a similarity measure. While this often works well, depending on the target, we show here that retrieval rates can be improved considerably by incorporating an external framework(More)
We present a novel method to better investigate adverse drug reactions in chemical space. By integrating data sources about adverse drug reactions of drugs with an established cheminformatics modeling method, we generate a data set that is then visualized with a systems biology tool. Thereby new insights into undesired drug effects are gained. In this work,(More)
We present a workflow that leverages data from chemogenomics based target predictions with Systems Biology databases to better understand off-target related toxicities. By analyzing a set of compounds that share a common toxic phenotype and by comparing the pathways they affect with pathways modulated by nontoxic compounds we are able to establish links(More)