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BACKGROUND Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) improve myocardial recovery after ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. These effects are mediated in part by the paracrine secretion of angiogenic and tissue growth-promoting factors. Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) is expressed by MSC and induces apoptosis and inhibits proliferation in neuronal(More)
Mouse and human melanoma cells metastatic to the brain express degradative enzyme activities that are used for invasion of brain basement membrane and parenchyma. Compared to poorly metastatic or lung- or ovary-metastatic murine melanoma lines, the brain-metastatic sublines secreted higher levels of a variety of degradative enzymes. Brain-metastatic murine(More)
A series of novel N-methyl-D-aspartate antagonists acting at the phencyclidine site has been identified. Compound 2 has a Ki = 8 +/- 1 nM (vs [3H]thienylcyclidine, [3H]TCP) as a mixture of enantiomers. Resolution and further testing indicate that (-)-2, Ki = 4 +/- 0.7 nM, is a potent and selective TCP site ligand with neuroprotective activity in cultured(More)
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