Learn More
Blockade of cannabinoid CB1 receptors has been reported to inhibit cocaine- or cocaine cue-induced reinstatement of drug seeking. However, the mechanisms underlying this action are poorly understood. Given the importance of dopamine, glutamate, and GABA in cocaine reward and relapse, we studied the effects of AM251(More)
Accumulating evidence indicates that dopamine (DA) D(3) receptor antagonists appear highly promising in attenuating cocaine reward and relapse in preclinical models of addiction. In the present study, we investigated the effects of the novel D(3)-selective antagonist NGB 2904 (N-(4-[4-{2,3-dichlorophenyl}-1-piperazinyl]butyl)-3-fluorenylcarboxamide) on(More)
Recent studies have shown that the novel dopamine (DA) D3 receptor antagonists SB-277011A and NGB 2904 inhibit cocaine- and/or stress-induced reinstatement of drug-seeking behavior. The present study sought to determine if SB-277011A, NGB 2904, or BP-897 (a mixed D3 agonist/antagonist) similarly inhibit cocaine-associated cue-induced reinstatement of(More)
RATIONALE The dopamine (DA) D3 receptor is preferentially expressed in the mesolimbic system. We have previously shown that selective D3 receptor blockade by the novel D3 antagonist SB-277011A inhibits cocaine's reinforcing action and cocaine-induced reinstatement of cocaine-seeking behavior. OBJECTIVE In the present study, we investigated whether(More)
In rats, acute administration of SB-277011A, a highly selective dopamine (DA) D(3) receptor antagonist, blocks cocaine-enhanced brain stimulation reward, cocaine-seeking behaviour and reinstatement of cocaine-seeking behaviour. Here, we investigated whether SB-277011A attenuates cocaine reinforcement as assessed by cocaine self-administration under(More)
Previous studies suggest that cannabinoid CB1 receptors do not appear to be involved in cocaine's rewarding effects, as assessed by the use of SR141716A, a prototypic CB1 receptor antagonist and CB1-knockout mice. In the present study, we found that blockade of CB1 receptors by AM 251 (1-10 mg/kg), a novel CB1 receptor antagonist, dose-dependently lowered(More)
In order to determine whether axonal injury (AI) is a factor in cases of penetrating head injury, the brains of 14 patients who died shortly after sustaining a fatal gunshot wound (GSW) to the head were examined, and the presence of AI determined using immunohistochemical staining for amyloid precursor protein (APP). The distribution of AI was mapped(More)
The glial scar formed at the site of traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) has been classically hypothesized to be a potent physical and biochemical barrier to nerve regeneration. One longstanding hypothesis is that the scar acts as a physical barrier due to its increased stiffness in comparison to uninjured spinal cord tissue. However, the information(More)
Relapse to drug use is a core feature of addiction. Previous studies demonstrate that gamma-vinyl GABA (GVG), an irreversible GABA transaminase inhibitor, attenuates the acute rewarding effects of cocaine and other addictive drugs. We here report that systemic administration of GVG (25-300 mg/kg) dose-dependently inhibits cocaine- or sucrose-induced(More)
Increasing evidence suggests that enhanced dopamine (DA) neurotransmission in the nucleus accumbens (NAc) may play a role in mediating the reward and reinforcement produced by addictive drugs and in the attentional processing of drug-associated environmental cues. The meso-accumbens DA system is selectively enriched with DA D3 receptors, a DA receptor(More)
  • 1